In contrast to the normal pairing of six-fold screens in Japanese culture, Korean screens are typically eight- or ten-fold, and are not linked as a pair. Also noteworthy is the traditional Korean mounting of the screen on raised "feet."
The subject of this composition surely refers to a land of immortality, inhabited by gibbon families and a single white crane. Daoist religion and its cult of immortality enjoyed popularity during the Choson period, and lavish screens of this genre were produced for installation at the imperial palace and court, and in aristocratic homes. Such visual emblems of longevity were naturally considered auspicious accessories at court ceremonies too.
The dynamic composition and vivid palette of mineral pigments combine to produce an "otherworldly" setting for the frolkicking gibbons.