Emily J. Peters Curator of Prints and Drawings
C. Griffith Mann Chief Curator
Max Beckmann (German, 1884-1950)
Lithograph, Sheet: 83.2 x 65.2 cm (32 3/4 x 25 11/16 in.). Norman O. Stone and Ella A. Stone Memorial Fund 2009.355
After World War I, Max Beckmann produced a portfolio of lithographs under the title Die Holle (Hell). Its publication coincided with civil unrest including heavy street fighting during the so-called November Riots of 1918 that followed Germany’s defeat. Here, the caricatured faces and cropped, overpacked, and stage-like composition portray the ideologues, the war-maimed, the famished, and the deranged. One of Beckmann’s contemporaries, the art historian Paul Schmidt, wrote that it signaled the artist’s new role as a prophet. This aligned with Beckmann’s self-stated aim to expose the “ghastly cry of the poor disillusioned people.”
The Cleveland Museum of Art; Jan. 14, 2018-May 27, 2018. "Graphic Discontent: German Expressionism on Paper."
To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.