The chrysanthemum is the flower of autumn. In East Asia, its wine was believed to bring longevity
if drunk during the Double Nine Festival (September 9). "Drinking Wine," a poem by Tao Yuanming (ad 365-427), combines the flower with the theme of the reclusive life: "From the eastern fence, I pluck chrysanthemum flowers, and idly look toward the southern hills." In Korea, the chrysanthemum was established as a popular motif for Goryeo inlaid celadon as early as the 12th century. The flower was used as the main motif for wine service vessels in particular. When Koreans drank wine from Goryeo celadon decorated with chrysanthemum designs, they believed that Tao’s faithful spirit transferred to their inner mind, as did the blessings of longevity associated with the Double Nine Festival. [Seunghye Sun, Cleveland Museum of Art, (3/27-8/28/11); "The Lure of Painted Poetry"]
Cleveland Museum of Art, (3/2/ 2011 - 8/21/2011); "The Lure of Painted Poetry: Cross-cultural Text and Image in Korean and Japanese Art" cat. 30
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