Duncanson was the first African American painter to achieve recognition at home and abroad. Although most of his career was spent in Cincinnati, he painted this calm, panoramic scene during a journey up the Mississippi River to Canada, which he likely made to escape the upheaval of the Civil War. Duncanson worked in Montreal and London, England, before returning home after the war.
Columbus, The Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts, Painters of Ohio's Past (5 June-5 July 1953); traveled to Dayton, The Dayton Art Institute (15 July-16 August 1953); Akron, The Akron Art Museum (1 September-22 September 1953); Toledo, The Toledo Museum of Art (4 October-26 October 1953), cat. no. 13, not illus.
Washington, D.C., The Gallery of Art, Howard University, Ten Afro-American Artists of the Nineteenth Century: An Exhibition Commemorating the Centennial of Howard University (3 February-30 March 1967), cat. not numbered, not illus., listed p. 14.
Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Bannaster and Duncanson: XIXth Century Afro-American Artists (9 January-6 February 1972).
Cincinnati, Cincinnati Art Museum, Robert S. Duncanson: A Centennial Exhibition (16 March-30 April 1972), cat. no. 22, illus. p. 26, listed p. 40, discussed p. 13.
Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Two Centuries of Black American Art (30 September-21 November 1976); traveled to Atlanta, The High Museum of Art (8 January-20 February 1977); Dallas, Museum of Fine Arts (30 March-15 May 1977); Brooklyn, The Brooklyn Museum (25 June-21 August 1977); listed cat. no. 33, p. 124 as Valley of Lake Pepin; not illus.