Daughter of a wealthy German-Jewish family and part of New York City's high society, Florine Stettheimer was a painter, designer, and poet. Along with her sisters, Stettheimer regularly hosted salons and intellectual gatherings, becoming well acquainted with some of the great cultural figures of the time including Georgia O'Keeffe, Alfred Stieglitz, Francis Picabia, and Marcel Duchamp. While her work garnered little attention during her lifetime, Stettheimer's paintings are known for their bold color, faux-naïve style, and inventive compositions. Sunday Afternoon in the Country depicts a weekend picnic at the family's country home on the Hudson River. In the upper right Stettheimer is working at her easel; in the foreground at lower left photographer Edward Steichen captures Duchamp on film; and Stettheimer's sister Ettie has her arms outstretched behind Duchamp. Though her paintings seemingly document her elite milieu, her self-aware art, like that of Edith Wharton before her, can also be seen as a critique of the wealthy upper class in the United States.