The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of March 22, 2018

Mme L... (Laure Borreau), 1863

oil on fabric, Framed: 112.3 x 93 x 12 cm (44 3/16 x 36 5/8 x 4 11/16 in.); Unframed: 81 x 61.2 cm (31 7/8 x 24 1/16 in.). Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. Fund 1962.2

Painted during Courbet's stay in the Saintonge region of western France, this portrait depicts Laure Borreau, owner of a fabric store and ladies confectionery. As the leader of the Realist movement in France, Courbet aimed to convey his democratic and socialist ideals by portraying ordinary people in a truthful, unidealized manner. While considering himself a radical innovator, Courbet nonetheless exhibited this portrait under the title Mme L... at the Paris Salon of 1863.

Signed lower right: Gustave Courbet / . . 63

Paris, Palais des Champs-Élysées. Salon (1863), no. 475, Portrait de Mme L.
Possibly Paris, Paul Rosenberg. Exposition d'art français du XIXe siècle (1917), no. 16, Portrait de Mme Boreau [sic].
Paris, Musée des Arts Décoratifs. Cinquante ans de peinture française (1925), no. 21, Portrait de femme tenant des fleurs, 1863, collection de Mme Flersheim.
Paris, Galerie de "La Renaissance." Portraits et figures de femmes. Ingres à Picasso (1928), no. 45, Portrait de Mme Laurier, appartient à MM. Bernheim jeune. (The ownership seems confusing, as it is mentioned in the collection of Mme Flersheim in 1925 and 1929.)
Paris, Palais des Beaux-Arts de la ville de Paris (Petit Palais). Exposition Gustave Courbet (1929), no. 32, Femme au chapeau noir, signé, daté 1863, collection de Mme Flersheim.
Paris, Galerie Paul Rosenberg. Exposition d'oeuvres importantes de Grands Maîtres du dix-neuvième siècle (1931), no. 15, Portrait de Mme Boreau [sic] ou la Dame au chapeau noir (1863), collection de Madame X.
Hartford, Wadsworth Athenaeum. Loans in Honor of the Opening of the Avery Memorial (1934), no. 5, Mme. Béreau [sic], lent by Paul Rosenberg.
Paris, Paul Rosenberg. Exposition Gustave Courbet (1937), no. 13, Portrait de Madame Boreau [sic] ou la dame au chapeau noir, 81 x 65 cm.
Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum. Honderd Jaar Fransche Kunst (1938), no. 71 (repr.), lent by Paul Rosenberg, Paris.
London, Rosenberg & Helft Ltd. Gustave Courbet 1819-1877 (1938), no. 10 (repr.).
New York, Paul Rosenberg & Co. Great French Masters of the Nineteenth Century: Corot to Van Gogh (1942), no. 2 (repr.), lent by Mr. and Mrs. S. H. K.
Providence, Rhode Island School of Design Museum of Art. French Art of the 19th and 20th Centuries (1942), no. 20, lent by Paul Rosenberg.
San Francisco, M. H. de Young Memorial Museum. Art of the United Nations (1945), typewritten cat., p. 5, Portrait of Madame Boreau, lent by Paul Rosenberg, New York.
Possibly New York, Paul Rosenberg & Co. Great French Masters of the 19th Century (17 November-6 December 1947), no. 2 (according to sales statement in cma object files).
New York, Paul Rosenberg & Co. Exhibition of 19th Century French Paintings (1954), no. 3.
New York, Paul Rosenberg & Co. Loan Exhibition of Paintings by Gustave Courbet (1956), no. 9 (repr.), lent by Paul Rosenberg & Co.
Philadelphia Museum of Art; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Gustave Courbet (1959-60), no. 40 (repr.), lent by Paul Rosenberg and Co., New York.
CMA. Style, Truth, and the Portrait (1963), no. 76 (repr.).
Paris, Grand Palais; Royal Academy, London. Gustave Courbet 1819-1877 (1977-78), no. 68 (repr.).
Brooklyn Museum; Minneapolis Institute of Arts. Courbet Reconsidered (1988-89), no. 40 (repr.).
Lausanne, Musée Cantonal des Beaux-Arts. Courbet: Artiste et entrepreneur (1998-1999).
The Cleveland Museum of Art (5/28/00 - 7/30/00); "Faces of Impressionism: Portraits from American Collections", not in exh. cat.
CMA (organizer). Beijing World Art Museum, China, May 26 - Aug. 27, 2006; Mori Arts Center, Tokyo, Japan: Sept. 9 - Nov. 26, 2006; Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea: Dec. 18, 2006 - March 31, 2007; Seoul Olympic Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea: Apr. 7 - May 20, 2007; Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: June 9 - Sept. 16, 2007; Cleveland Museum of Art, Oct. 21, 2007- January 13, 2008; Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville, TN, Feb. 21-June 1, 2008; Utah Museum of Fine Arts, Salt Lake City, UT, June 22 - September 21, 2008; and the Detroit Institute of Arts, MI, October 12, 2008 - January 18, 2009: "Modern Masters from the Cleveland Museum of Art"

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

Detail Views