The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of November 22, 2017

Portrait of the Jester Calabazas, c. 1631-1632

oil on canvas, Framed: 199.3 x 133.1 x 12.7 cm (78 7/16 x 52 3/8 x 5 in.); Unframed: 175 x 106 cm (68 7/8 x 41 11/16 in.). Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. Fund 1965.15

Calabazas, a jester in the court of King Philip IV of Spain, had physical and mental disabilities, a state that the artist emphasizes, rather than tries to hide. While the Spanish court prized and doted upon people with disabilities such as Calabazas, Velázquez transformed their depiction in portraiture. This startling work uses the format of the formal, full-length court portrait to present a type of person who was generally perceived as marginal at this point in history and profoundly humanizes him.

Paris, Palais des Champs-Elysees, 1866: "Exposition Retrospective"
CMA, 1965: "Year in Review 1965," CMA Bulletin LII (November, 1965), cat. no. 109, reproduced color cover.
CMA, 1983: "Portraiture: The Image of the Individual," no catalogue
New York, NY, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1989: "Velazquez," cat. no. 20, reproduced
Also to: Madrid: Museo del Prado
Rome, Italy: Palazzo Ruspoli (organizer: Fondazione Memmo) (3/18/01 - 6/30/01) "Velázquez, His Third Journey to Italy" exh. cat. pp 196-199.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art (2/25/2003 - 6/8/2003): "Manet/Velazquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting", exh. cat. no. 71, p. 451, fig. 10.49, p. 303.
Museo del Prado, Madrid (7/5/2005 - 10/30/2005): "The Palace of the Planet King. Philip IV and the Buen Retrio"
The Frick Collection (November 8, 2006 - January 28, 2007): "Masterpieces of European Painting from The Cleveland Museum of Art", exh. cat. no. 8, p. 44-47.
Salvador Dalí Musuem of Art (2/2/2007 - 6/24/2007): "Dalí and the Spanish Baroque", fig. 64, p. 92-93.
Meadoes Museum of Art, Southern Methodist University, Dallas (9/16/2012 - 1/3/2013): "Diego Velázquez: The Early Court Portraits", cat. no. 4, p. 94-96.
Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris (3/25/2105 - 7/13/2015): "Velázquez"

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