The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of June 27, 2017

Fragment of a Processional Cross, c. 1050

silver gilt, niello, Overall: 32.3 x 44.8 x 5.7 cm (12 11/16 x 17 5/8 x 2 3/16 in). Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. Fund 1970.36

Impressively large and elaborately embellished, the cross to which this fragment belonged was likely carried in liturgical processions. The central medallion on its front depicts Christ, flanked by medallions showing the Virgin and Saint John the Baptist. Together they form the Deesis, a powerful Byzantine image formula evoking these saints’ intercession with Christ on behalf of mankind. In the central medallion on the cross’s back is Saint Sabas, founder of an important monastery near Jerusalem, in whose honor the cross was made. He is surrounded by other monastic saints, thus indicating that the cross was likely used by a monastic community.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, " The Glory of Byzantium: Art and culture of the Middle Byzantine Era A.D. 843-1261" cat. no. 24, p. 60. Washington D.C., Dumbarton Oaks: "Byzantine Figural Processional Crosses" September 23, 1994--January 29, 1995, exh. cat. no. 2. pp 68-75, fig. 26. Bavarian Nationalmuseum, Munich (5/10/2007 - 9/16/2007), the J. Paul Getty Musuem, Los Angeles (10/30/2007 - 1/20/2008) and Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville, TN (2/13/2009 - 6/7/2009): "Sacred Gifts and Worldly Treasures: Medieval Masterworks from the Cleveland Museum of Art" The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC (9/19/2016 – 1/8/2017): "Every People Under Heaven: Jerusalem, 1000–1400" cat. no. 30, p. 89.

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