The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of June 25, 2017

The Crucifixion of Saint Andrew, 1606-1607

oil on canvas, Framed: 233.5 x 184 x 12 cm (91 7/8 x 72 7/16 x 4 11/16 in); Unframed: 202.5 x 152.7 cm (79 11/16 x 60 1/16 in). Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. Fund 1976.2

Sentenced to death for his missionary activity in Greece, Saint Andrew was crucified. While bound to the cross, he preached for two days to an increasingly sympathetic crowd. Finally pressured to release Andrew, his executioners were paralyzed while trying to untie him. Caravaggio depicts the moment when Andrew’s desire to be martyred is fulfilled and he dies enveloped in divine light. In an unusual interpretation of the subject, Caravaggio presents the event as intimate and private rather than as a gruesome public spectacle, and his innovative use of light and dark suggests the presence of God. Caravaggio’s Crucifixion of Saint Andrew is a masterpiece of Baroque painting and the only altarpiece by the artist in America.

Caravaggio y el naturalism español, cat. no. 4 [under title of artirio de San Felipe (?)], Seville, Sala de Armas de los Reales Alcazares, September to October 1973. Exhibition held at the occasion of the 23rd Congress of the History of Art. Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez, catalogue author.
Year in Review, The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1977, cat. no. 39, illus.
Painting in Naples 1606-1705 from Caravaggio to Giordano London, Royal Academy of Art, October 1-December 12, 1982; National Gallery, Washington, February 13 - May 1, 1983:, cat. no. 17, and pp. 21, 37, 38, 40, 70, 128-30, repr. in color. [Italian catalogue: La pittura Napolitana dal Caravaggio a Luca Giordano, 1982, no. 17, and pp.50-53, 109, 150-152
The Age of Caravaggio, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, February 5 - April 14, 1985; Naples, Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte , May 12 - July 6, 1985:, cat. no. 99, and pp. 21, 47, 345-349, repr. in color. [entry by Mina Gregori].
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Come nascono I Capolavori (exhib. Florence, Palazzo Pitti, 12 December 1991- 15 March 1992; Rome, Palazzo Ruspoli, 26 March- 24 May, 1992
Museo Capodimonte, Naples (10/24/2004 - 1/23/2005) and the National Gallery, London (2/23/2005 - 5/22/2005): "Caravaggio: The Last Years"
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (organizer), exhibited at Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (2/25/2006 - 6/16/2006): "Rembrandt - Caravaggio"
The Frick Collection (November 8, 2006 - January 28, 2007): "Masterpieces of European Painting from The Cleveland Museum of Art", exh. cat. no. 6, p. 36-39.
Maltz Museum of Jewish Heritage (March 29, 2007 - July 8, 2007): "Masterpieces of European Painting from the Cleveland Museum of Art"

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Library materials about Caravaggio (319)

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