The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of April 20, 2018

The Crucifixion of Saint Andrew, 1606-1607

oil on canvas, Framed: 233.5 x 184 x 12 cm (91 7/8 x 72 7/16 x 4 11/16 in.); Unframed: 202.5 x 152.7 cm (79 11/16 x 60 1/16 in.). Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. Fund 1976.2

Saint Andrew’s efforts to introduce Christianity to Greece in the first century AD were met with hostility from local authorities. He was sentenced to die on the cross because he refused to acknowledge pagan gods. For two days, Andrew preached from his martyr’s station to an increasingly sympathetic crowd. Bowing to public demand, Andrew’s would-be executioners attempted to untie him, but their hands were mysteriously paralyzed. Andrew’s desire for martyrdom was thus fulfilled and he died enveloped in divine light. Caravaggio’s innovative interpretation involves the viewer more closely in the event by presenting the crucifixion as intimate and private, rather than as a gruesome public spectacle. Bold contrasts of light and dark suggest the presence of God. A masterpiece of Baroque painting, Caravaggio’s Crucifixion of Saint Andrew is the only altarpiece by the artist in America.

Caravaggio y el naturalism español, cat. no. 4 [under title of artirio de San Felipe (?)], Seville, Sala de Armas de los Reales Alcazares, September to October 1973. Exhibition held at the occasion of the 23rd Congress of the History of Art. Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez, catalogue author.
Year in Review, The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1977, cat. no. 39, illus.
Painting in Naples 1606-1705 from Caravaggio to Giordano London, Royal Academy of Art, October 1-December 12, 1982; National Gallery, Washington, February 13 - May 1, 1983:, cat. no. 17, and pp. 21, 37, 38, 40, 70, 128-30, repr. in color. [Italian catalogue: La pittura Napolitana dal Caravaggio a Luca Giordano, 1982, no. 17, and pp.50-53, 109, 150-152
The Age of Caravaggio, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, February 5 - April 14, 1985; Naples, Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte , May 12 - July 6, 1985:, cat. no. 99, and pp. 21, 47, 345-349, repr. in color. [entry by Mina Gregori].
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Come nascono I Capolavori (exhib. Florence, Palazzo Pitti, 12 December 1991- 15 March 1992; Rome, Palazzo Ruspoli, 26 March- 24 May, 1992
Museo Capodimonte, Naples (10/24/2004 - 1/23/2005) and the National Gallery, London (2/23/2005 - 5/22/2005): "Caravaggio: The Last Years"
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (organizer), exhibited at Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (2/25/2006 - 6/16/2006): "Rembrandt - Caravaggio"
The Frick Collection (November 8, 2006 - January 28, 2007): "Masterpieces of European Painting from The Cleveland Museum of Art", exh. cat. no. 6, p. 36-39.
Maltz Museum of Jewish Heritage (March 29, 2007 - July 8, 2007): "Masterpieces of European Painting from the Cleveland Museum of Art"

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