A
News Release
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

The Cleveland Museum of Art Announces Next Installment of Centennial Loans

Tuesday, July 12, 2016

Kelley Notaro Schreiber

The Cleveland Museum of Art
knotaro [at] clevelandart.org
216-707-6898
Museum welcomes historic masterworks including Frida Kahlo’s iconic self-portrait, Fulang-Chang and I

Cleveland, OH (July 12, 2016) In celebration of its 2016 centennial, the Cleveland Museum of Art (CMA) is marking its anniversary with a series of exceptional loans from select collections around the world. Some are directly related to works in the museum’s permanent holdings; others highlight an artist or object not currently represented in the collection. This year-long program includes masterworks from such eminent museums as The Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and the Museum of Modern Art, New York. More than a dozen works of art spanning five hundred years and representing cultures from four continents will be featured. 

This month, the museum announces the addition of seven generous loans to be installed in its galleries beginning now through September 3. Among these masterworks is Fulang-Chang and I, by

Frida Kahlo. The enigmatic self-portrait will be displayed side by side with a mirror in a matching frame that Kahlo intended would always be hung alongside the painting. These works invite dynamic juxtapositions and dialogues with objects from the CMA’s permanent collection, and will provide the opportunity for visitors to rediscover its renowned holdings, which constitute the core of the institution’s identity and global reputation.

Fulang-Chang and I, 1937 (assembled after 1939)
Frida Kahlo (Mexican, 1907–1954)
Now through September 25, Gallery 224A
Generous loan from the Museum of Modern Art, New York 

Kahlo

Fulang-Chang and I, 1937 (assembled after 1939). Frida Kahlo (Mexican, 1907–1954). In two parts, oil on composition board (1937) with painted mirror frame (after 1939); framed painting: 56.5 x 44.1 x 4.4 cm; framed mirror: 64.1 x 48.3 x 4.4 cm. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, Mary Sklar Bequest, 277.1987.a-b. © The Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA/Art Resource, New York. © 2016 Banco de México Diego Rivera Frida Kahlo Museums Trust, Mexico, D.F. / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. 

Renowned for her self-portraits, Mexican painter Frida Kahlo produced more than 50 such works in an oeuvre of nearly 150 paintings, each offering intimate insights into her complex life. Museum visitors have a unique opportunity to commune with Kahlo as her enigmatic 1937 self-portrait Fulang-Chang and I is displayed together with the hand-decorated frame and mirror she created as its permanent companion. In this painting, Kahlo assumed her typical pose by turning her face roughly three-quarters to reveal one of her ears. Surrounded by lush, sage-colored jungle foliage, Kahlo’s pet spider monkey, widely interpreted as a surrogate for the children she was unable to bear with her husband, Diego Rivera, nuzzles near her chest, his glassy black eyes appearing to mimic the artist’s intent, searching gaze. This painting was featured in Kahlo’s first exhibition in the United States in 1938, held at Julien Levy Gallery, New York in 1938.

Little Big Painting, 1965
Roy Lichtenstein (American, 1923–1997) 
Now through November 17, Gallery 229
Generous loan from the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

 

LittleBig

 Little Big Painting, 1965. Roy Lichtenstein (American, 1923–1997). Oil and acrylic on canvas; 172.7 × 203.2 cm. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; purchase, with funds from the Friends of the Whitney Museum of American Art, 66.2. © Estate of Roy Lichtenstein. Digital Image © Whitney Museum, New York. 

As a key member of Pop Art, the groundbreaking 1960s movement focused on popular culture and mass media, Roy Lichtenstein often emulated the Benday dots of printing processes used for newspapers and comic books, a signature style that is instantly recognizable. Lichtenstein’s work often repeats, mimics, takes apart and reinterprets well-known artworks by a wide range of artists including Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Gilbert Stuart, Morris Louis, Piet Mondrian and Willem de Kooning. In 1965, Lichtenstein debuted a new series of paintings called Brushstroke. In Little Big Painting, the most iconic of the Brushstroke series, Lichtenstein cleverly challenges Abstract Expressionism, mimicking the wild and free-form gestures of the 1950s art movement in a hypermechanical way. Ironically, there isn’t a brushstroke in sight. An essential critique of American culture and a significant achievement in itself, Little Big Painting reflects the importance of innovation.

Portrait of Emy, 1919 
Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (German, 1884 –1976)
August 25–December 18, Gallery 225
Generous loan from the North Carolina Museum of Art

 

Emy

 Portrait of Emy, 1919. Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (German, 1884–1976). Oil on canvas; 71.9 x 65.4 cm. North Carolina Museum of Art, Bequest of W. R. Valentiner. © 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn.

Portrait of Emy is one of two powerful companion portraits painted in 1919 by German Expressionist painter Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. One portrait depicts the artist’s new bride, Emy Frisch, while the other depicts himself. Nearly identical in size and format, Portrait of Emy and Self-Portrait with Hat, gifted to the Cleveland Museum of Art by the eminent art historian and key figure in the historical development of American museums W. R. Valentiner, feature explosive colors and radically abstracted forms. Schmidt-Rottluff’s intimate knowledge of Cubism, African sculpture and Fauvist color techniques surfaces powerfully in each portrait. Angular and geometric, each composition has saturated, unrestrained hues that attest to the artist’s direct and profoundly impassioned reaction to his subjects. In both portraits, Schmidt-Rottluff accentuated the asymmetrical treatment of the eyes, with emphasis on one enlarged pupil that stares hypnotically at the viewer, an exaggeration that references not only the direct transference of spiritual power between the figure and viewer, but also the importance of sight and visionary experience. 

Improvisation No. 30 (Cannons), 1913 
Wassily Kandinsky (French, born Russia, 1886–1944)
Generous loan from the Art Institute of Chicago
August 25–December 18, Gallery 225

Kandinsky

Improvisation No. 30 (Cannons), 1913. Vasily Kandinsky (French, born Russia, 1866–1944). Oil on canvas; 111 x 111.3 cm. The Art Institute of Chicago, Arthur Jerome Eddy Memorial Collection, 1931.511. © 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. 

One of thirty-six works titled Improvisation completed between 1911 and 1914, Cannons of 1913 remains one of Russian artist Wassily Kandinsky’s most influential contributions to modern art. In a 1913 letter to Chicago lawyer Arthur Jerome Eddy, Kandinsky remarked that the presence of cannons in the painting “could probably be explained by the constant war talk that has been going on throughout the year.” He further noted that “the designation of ‘Cannons’ selected by me for my own use, is not to be conceived as indicating the ‘contents’ of the picture.” This contradiction signals the artist’s continuously evolving approach to removing recognizable imagery from his paintings. As part of his quest to create purely abstract or nonobjective works, Kandinsky proposed that harmonious colors and forms could express transcendent, otherworldly sentiments instead of mere surface appearances. 

Human Effigy Pipe, 100 BC‒AD 100
Adena people, Adena Mound, Ross County, Ohio
September 3–January 8, Gallery 231
Generous Loan from the Ohio History Connection, Columbus A1200/10

Pipe

Human Effigy Pipe, 100 BC–AD 100. Adena people, Adena Mound, Ross County, Ohio. Pipestone; 20.3 x 6.6 x 5.1 cm. Courtesy of the Ohio History Connection, A1200/10. Photos: AP-82a and AP-8c. 

This astounding pipe, an icon of Ohio archaeology, allows the museum to call attention to the achievements of the region’s Native American artists during its centennial. Created 2,000 years ago by an Adena sculptor, the pipe takes the form of a male whose flexed knees, open mouth, and swelling throat may indicate he is engaged in a ritual involving dance and song. Sacred tobacco was burned in a bowl between the feet; smoke traveled through a tube in the body to the mouthpiece on top of the head. The pipe was excavated in 1901 from the richest burial in the Adena Mound, near Chillicothe; in 2013 it was designated Ohio’s official state artifact. 

Portrait of Helen Sears, 1895
John Singer Sargent (American 1856–1925) 
September 3–November 1, Gallery 208
Generous loan from the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 

Sears

Portrait of Helen Sears, 1895. John Singer Sargent (American, 1856–1925). Oil on canvas: 167.s x 91.4 cm. Courtesy of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Gift of Mrs. J. D. Cameron Bradley, 55.1116. Photograph © 2016 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Regarded as one of the most gifted portraitists in American art, Sargent is admired for his incisive characterizations and bravura technique. Both are pronounced in Portrait of Helen Sears, an image of the six-year-old daughter of a wealthy Boston couple. Here, the young girl is immersed in wistful reflection, lost in private thoughts and emotions seemingly inaccessible to those around her. Sears’s brightly lit hair, face and dress are rendered in vivacious brushwork, an exuberant application matched in accompanying hydrangea blossoms. Sargent’s flair for the theatrical is perhaps unmatched in this portrait, one of his most successful creations.

The Wade Family Tiffany Jewels
Generous loan from Tiffany & Co. Archives and the Cleveland Museum of Natural History
September 3–December 31, Gallery 221

Tiffany

   

 

Wade Necklace, c. 1900. Gold, platinum, diamonds; 36 x 8.5 cm. Tiffany & Co. Archives, A1999.49.01. ©Tiffany & Co. Archives 

Tiffany 2

Necklace, 1885–95. Diamonds, pink tourmalines, platinum, yellow gold; c. 34.5 cm; pendant h. 4 cm. The Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1991-20 

In Europe, social circles revolved around royal circles, and for Americans trying to infiltrate this milieu, elegant jewels in the eighteenth-century Louis Seize (XVI) style—with garlands of diamonds or gemstones, symmetrical placement and lace-like construction—were the height of fashionable taste. Jeptha Homer Wade II and wife, Ellen Garretson purchased two such necklaces from Tiffany & Co. around 1895. The diamond necklace features large, impressive stones that were made more readily available in the late 1800s by the opening of the vast diamond mines in South Africa. Tiffany’s designer contrasted pendants of the largest diamonds with delicate garlands of tiny stones to create an especially lavish array of brilliance around the neck. The lacy effect must have been especially favored by the Wades, who boasted one of the finest collections of medieval and Renaissance lace in the world, now the foundation of the CMA’s lace collection. Likewise, the pink tourmaline and diamond necklace must have appealed to Wade’s collecting prowess in gemstones and minerals, considered a gentlemanly pursuit of the highest caliber. These tourmalines were likely first collected as individual stones for Mr. Wade, then set by Tiffany for Mrs. Wade around 1895. 

# # #

About the Cleveland Museum of Art

The Cleveland Museum of Art is renowned for the quality and breadth of its collection, which includes more than 63,000 artworks and spans 6,000 years of achievement in the arts. The museum is a significant international forum for exhibitions, scholarship and performing arts and is a leader in digital innovations. One of the top comprehensive art museums in the nation, recognized for its award-winning Open Access program and free of charge to all, the Cleveland Museum of Art is located in the University Circle neighborhood.

The museum is supported in part by residents of Cuyahoga County through a public grant from Cuyahoga Arts & Culture and made possible in part by the Ohio Arts Council (OAC), which receives support from the State of Ohio and the National Endowment for the Arts. The OAC is a state agency that funds and supports quality arts experiences to strengthen Ohio communities culturally, educationally and economically. For more information about the museum and its holdings, programs and events, call 888-CMA-0033 or visit cma.org.