Indigenous Tradition Meets Artistic Ingenuity in the Mola Textiles of Guna Women
Cleveland (January 19, 2021) — For the Guna women of Panamá, the mola, a hand-sewn cotton blouse and a key component of traditional dress, is a powerful symbol of culture and identity. A new exhibition at the Cleveland Museum of Art, Fashioning Identity: Mola Textiles of Panamá, explores the mola as both a cultural marker and the product of an artistic tradition, demonstrating the important role women artists play in the construction of social identity. The exhibition is on view in the museum’s Arlene M. and Arthur S. Holden Textile Gallery now through October 3, 2021.
The Guna (formerly Kuna) are an indigenous people living on the Caribbean coast of Panamá. Guna women began creating molas by the early 20th century. When the Panamanian government sought to suppress their culture, the Guna rebelled in 1925, rallying around their right to make and wear molas as a statement of their independence. Molas are crafted from masterfully hand-sewn cotton panels that are made in pairs and sewn into blouses. The panels feature a wide array of vibrantly colored, often whimsical subjects, ranging from geometric abstraction to motifs based on the natural world, Guna life and mythology, and Western popular culture.
“A women’s art form, molas serve as visual embodiments of the strength and survival of Guna identity,” said William Griswold, director of the Cleveland Museum of Art. “At the same time, they are practical elements of daily life as clothing and expressions of personal individuality and creativity subject to changing fashion trends from one generation to the next. Fashioning Identity: Mola Textiles of Panamá examines the mola’s complex role in Guna society and demonstrates the way they blend tradition and constant innovation.”
“Strong expressions of duality, repetition, and equilibrium are evident in mola imagery, both in single panels and those comprising the front and back of a blouse. Driven by these and other aesthetic values along with a spirited practice of artistic critique, Guna women are passionate about making ever more innovative mola designs that continue to push the boundaries of their artistic tradition,” said Andrea Vazquez de Arthur, who curated the exhibition while serving as the museum’s first Mary and Leigh Carter Director’s Research Fellow.
Fashioning Identity: Mola Textiles of Panamá presents both individual panels and complete blouses (both are known as molas) and celebrates several gifts that have entered the museum’s collection over the years. The exhibition also features generous loans from Denison University, which holds one of the most important Guna collections in the United States. The molas on display span distinct periods of Guna history, from the era of the 1925 revolution to the 1980s.
The exhibition is accompanied by bilingual (English/Spanish) gallery labels, as well as a bilingual booklet that is available in the gallery and on the CMA website.
Please view the press kit for more information and a selection of visual highlights.
All exhibitions at the Cleveland Museum of Art are underwritten by the CMA Fund for Exhibitions. Major annual support is provided by the Estate of Dolores B. Comey and Bill and Joyce Litzler, with generous annual funding from Mr. and Mrs. Walter R. Chapman Jr., Ms. Arlene Monroe Holden, Eva and Rudolf Linnebach, William S. and Margaret F. Lipscomb, Tim O’Brien and Breck Platner, the Womens Council of the Cleveland Museum of Art, and Claudia Woods and David Osage.
The Cleveland Museum of Art is funded in part by residents of Cuyahoga County through a public grant from Cuyahoga Arts & Culture.
This exhibition was supported in part by the Ohio Arts Council, which receives support from the State of Ohio and the National Endowment for the Arts.
Desktop Dialogue: Making and Meaning in Mola Textiles
How do materials and fabrication processes convey meaning in a work of art or design? Listen as CMA research fellow Andrea Vazquez de Arthur and museum guide Leonardo Pérez Carreño from the Museo de la Mola in Panamá City, Panamá, discuss making and meaning in molas, a key component of traditional dress among indigenous Guna women and the subject of the exhibition, Fashioning Identity: Mola Textiles of Panamá. Visit cma.org/desktop-dialogues.
Close Looking at a Distance: Stitching Complexity
Join program host Key Jo Lee and CMA research fellow Andrea Vazquez de Arthur for a deep and guided exploration of a single mola, made using appliqué and reverse appliqué techniques. Learn about these processes and their complex associations with the Guna understanding of the universe.
Principal support is provided by the Sandy and Sally Cutler Strategic Opportunities Fund. Additional support is provided by the Womens Council of the Cleveland Museum of Art.
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About the Cleveland Museum of Art
The Cleveland Museum of Art is renowned for the quality and breadth of its collection, which includes more than 63,000 artworks and spans 6,000 years of achievement in the arts. The museum is a significant international forum for exhibitions, scholarship and performing arts and is a leader in digital innovations. One of the top comprehensive art museums in the nation, recognized for its award-winning Open Access program and free of charge to all, the Cleveland Museum of Art is located in the University Circle neighborhood.
The museum is supported in part by residents of Cuyahoga County through a public grant from Cuyahoga Arts & Culture and made possible in part by the Ohio Arts Council (OAC), which receives support from the State of Ohio and the National Endowment for the Arts. The OAC is a state agency that funds and supports quality arts experiences to strengthen Ohio communities culturally, educationally and economically. For more information about the museum and its holdings, programs and events, call 888-CMA-0033 or visit cma.org.