CLEVELAND (April 19, 2010) — This fall, the Cleveland Museum of Art (CMA) will premiere a groundbreaking exhibition examining the role of relics and reliquaries in the development of Christianity and the visual arts. Treasures of Heaven: Saints, Relics, and Devotion in Medieval Europe is the first major exhibition in the United States to consider the history of relics and reliquaries and will feature more than 150 works of art from Late Antiquity, the Middle Ages and early modern Europe. The exhibition runs at CMA from Oct. 17, 2010, to Jan. 17, 2011, before traveling to the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore and the British Museum in London.
Many of the relics and reliquaries in the exhibition have never before been seen outside of their home countries. Included in Treasures of Heaven are metalwork, paintings, sculptures and illuminated manuscripts drawn not only from celebrated public and private collections in the U.S. and Europe, but also from important church treasuries.
In addition to the three organizing museums, institutions such as the Vatican, the Louvre, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago and the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., are lending works to the exhibition. Seventeen objects will come from the CMA's own extensive collection of medieval art; nine travel from the Vatican collections, including three reliquaries from the Sancta Sanctorum, or Holy of Holies, the medieval papacy's private relic chapel.
"People who think of the Middle Ages as a dark period for art and culture will find their perceptions challenged by this exhibition," says Griffith Mann, chief curator at the Cleveland Museum of Art and co-curator of Treasures of Heaven. "The relics and reliquaries showcased in Treasures of Heaven provide evidence of religious objects traveling across tremendous distances and of people making pilgrimages across the Mediterranean to walk in the footsteps of important figures from sacred history. The medieval devotion to relics gave birth to new forms of monumental architecture, supported extensive pilgrimage networks and prompted significant developments in the visual arts."
The physical remains of holy men and women and other objects associated with them play a central role in a number of religions and cultures and were especially important to the development of Christianity. To convey the sanctity of these relics to the faithful, medieval artists created precious containers, or reliquaries, for churches, shrines and personal use. Often covered in gold and silver or encrusted with precious and semi-precious stones, these objects commanded attention. Their outward appearance reminded worshippers of the extraordinary nature of the matter they contained.
Powerful in inspiring religious devotion among believers, relics also captured the imagination of medieval arts patrons. By the height of the Middle Ages, artists had developed highly imaginative containers for sacred remains, combining innovative techniques with beautiful design.
Visitors to the exhibition will witness the transformation of reliquaries from simple containers for the earthly remains of Christian holy men and women to lavishly decorated objects of personal and communal devotion. "By the first centuries of Christianity, the ashes, bones and body parts of Christian saints and martyrs were considered 'more valuable than precious stones and finer than fine gold,' and were therefore treated with utmost reverence," says Holger Klein, CMA's former Robert P. Bergman curator of medieval art and co-curator of the exhibition. "As substances believed to be endowed with the power and living presence of the saint or martyr, they were frequently enshrined in containers that matched their spiritual importance. Their precious materials facilitated their use in both liturgical and secular contexts."
Highlights of Treasures of Heaven include:
Other media — including painting, photography, audio and video — will provide contemporary visitors with insight into how relics and reliquaries would have been encountered by medieval audiences. Although the objects in the exhibition primarily cover the time period from Late Antiquity until the Reformation, connections made to the living traditions of Catholic and Orthodox Christian churches, as well as a fascination with souvenirs and mementos in contemporary secular society, demonstrate their important legacy.
Tickets for Treasures of Heaven: Saints, Relics, and Devotion in Medieval Europe go on sale in mid August. Tickets are $12 for adults, $10 for seniors and college students and $6 for children ages 3 to 17. The exhibition is free to museum members.
Treasures of Heaven will be accompanied by a catalogue, lectures, performances and scholarly symposium. More programming information will be available at www.ClevelandArt.org closer to the opening.
Following its Cleveland run, the exhibition will be presented in Baltimore from Feb. 13 to May 15, 2011, and in London from June 23 to Oct. 9, 2011. It was developed by Griffith Mann, chief curator of the Cleveland Museum of Art; Holger Klein, associate professor of art history and archaeology at Columbia University; and Martina Bagnoli, Robert and Nancy Hall associate curator of medieval art at the Walters Art Museum.
Treasures of Heaven: Saints, Relics, and Devotion in Medieval Europe was organized by the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Walters Art Museum and the British Museum. Support for the exhibition has been provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Samuel H. Kress Foundation.
About the Cleveland Museum of Art
The Cleveland Museum of Art is renowned for the quality and breadth of its collection, which includes more than 40,000 objects and spans 6,000 years of achievement in the arts. Currently undergoing a multi-phase renovation and expansion project, it is a significant international forum for exhibitions, scholarship, performing arts and art education. Admission to the museum's collection has been free since its founding charter.
The Cleveland Museum of Art has a membership of nearly 25,000 households and is supported by a broad range of individuals, foundations and businesses in Cleveland and Northeast Ohio. The museum is generously funded by Cuyahoga County residents through Cuyahoga Arts and Culture. Additional support comes from the Ohio Arts Council, which helps fund the museum with state tax dollars to encourage economic growth, educational excellence and cultural enrichment for all Ohioans. For more information about the museum, its holdings, programs and events, call 888-CMA-0033 or visit www.ClevelandArt.org.
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