Mar 19, 2009
Mar 19, 2009
Mar 19, 2009
Mar 19, 2009

Portrait Bust of the Empress Claudia Octavia

Portrait Bust of the Empress Claudia Octavia

AD 50–70


Overall: 38.2 cm (15 1/16 in.)

Purchase from the J. H. Wade Fund 1925.943


Did you know?

The complex coiffure includes four elements: parted waves (top), tight curls (sides), hanging ringlets (shoulders, back), and a braided knot (back).


This portrait bust depicts a young woman whose idealized features and elaborate hairstyle may identify her as the empress Claudia Octavia (r. AD 54-62), unfortunate first wife of the notorious emperor Nero. Over her tunic she wears a stola, a long garment hanging from both shoulders and distinguishing her as a married, upper-class woman. Although beloved by the Roman citizenry and described by the historian Tacitus as “aristocratic and virtuous,” Octavia was eventually divorced and banished by Nero, then ordered put to death.

See also
GR - Roman
Greek and Roman Art
Type of artwork: 

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