Sep 7, 2021
Mar 10, 2016
Mar 10, 2016
Sep 7, 2021
Sep 7, 2021

Kalpa-sutra Manuscript with 24 Miniatures: Sthulabhadra as a Lion

Kalpa-sutra Manuscript with 24 Miniatures: Sthulabhadra as a Lion

c. 1475–1500

Part of a set. See all set records

Gum tempera, ink, and gold on paper

Overall: 12.5 x 25.7 cm (4 15/16 x 10 1/8 in.)

Edward L. Whittemore Fund 1932.119.24

Location

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The three red dots in the margins and the center occur only on the reverse side of the page; the obverse side has only one red dot in the center.

Description

In the upper register two Jain nuns visit their brother, a monk named Sthulabhadra, who reached such a high level in his practice of yoga and meditation that he could perform miracles of transformation. He wanted to show his sisters how accomplished he had become, so he transformed himself into a lion with an elephant head. The sisters were terrified and ran to a senior monk named Bhadrabahu, shown at the lower left, who disciplined Sthulabhadra for his inappropriate, prideful display of his powers. Bhadrabahu sits in a cave, since the scene takes place during the monsoon season, when mendicant nuns and monks cease their wanderings and take shelter from the rain.

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