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Hours of Charles the Noble, King of Navarre (1361-1425)

Hours of Charles the Noble, King of Navarre (1361-1425)

c. 1404

Part of a set. See all set records

Ink, tempera, and gold on vellum

Codex: 20.3 x 15.7 x 7 cm (8 x 6 3/16 x 2 3/4 in.)

Mr. and Mrs. William H. Marlatt Fund 1964.40

Did you know?

King Charles the Noble likely used this book of hours at his royal castle of Olite in Navarra in northern Spain.


Creating a book of hours was an arduous and costly process. These books were made from vellum, animal skins that were laboriously prepared in a multistep process. The texts were written with a quill pen and the illustrations were hand painted using water-based pigments. Gold was added for a look of great luxury. Such a book would take years to create, making these valuable objects unique.

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