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Cotton: reverse appliqué, appliqué, embroidery
Overall: 67.3 x 44.5 cm (26 1/2 x 17 1/2 in.)
Gift of Jeanne Marie Stumpf, Ph.D. 2010.801
Guna women gained the right to vote in 1946
when Panamá granted universal suffrage. Sewing
political molas provides a unique way to comment
on national elections. These panel pairs, cut from
two blouses, mark a turbulent time in Panamá’s
history: in 1984, the Partido Liberal (Liberal Party)
supported the dictator Manuel Noriega, who
came to power through fraudulent elections. Guna
attitudes toward Noriega may have varied, but
they ultimately revolted against his regime after
he established a military zone in their territory.
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