The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of February 17, 2024

Saint Jerome and the Lion (From the former Church of St. Peter in Erfurt)

Saint Jerome and the Lion (From the former Church of St. Peter in Erfurt)

c. 1495
(German, active Würzburg, c. 1460–1531)
Overall: 37.8 x 28.1 x 15.9 cm (14 7/8 x 11 1/16 x 6 1/4 in.)

Did You Know?

In the story Saint Jerome encounters a fearsome lion, here depicted as diminutive, gentle, and submissive.

Description

According to legend, Saint Jerome (347–420 bce) lived in the desert, where he removed a thorn from an injured lion. Jerome is venerated in the Catholic Church as a Church Father, an important early author of Christianity. Here, he wears cardinal’s clothing from around 1500.

Tilman Riemenschneider focused on Jerome’s relationship with the lion, creating empathy for the wounded animal. The delicacy of the depiction, which may have been partially painted to add highlights, is typical of alabaster, as is its fine polishing. The cord of the cardinal’s hat, missing today, may have been supplemented from another material.
  • Private Collection, Paris
    ?-1913
    Aynard Collection, Lyons
    Harry Fuld, Frankfurt am Main
    ?-1946
    (Rosenberg & Steibel, New York, sold to the Cleveland Museum of Art)
    1946-
    The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
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    Provinzialmuseum Hannover, and Tilman Riemenschneider. Riemenschneider Gedächtnis-Ausstellung 1931 des Museums für Kunst und Landesgeschichte im Provinzial-Museum Hannover. Verzeichnis der ausgestellten Werke Riemenschneiders und seiner Schule. 1931. Cat. No. 10a, p. 16.
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    The Cleveland Museum of Art. The Cleveland Museum of Art Handbook. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1958. Mentioned and Reproduced: cat. no. 188 archive.org
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    North Carolina Museum of Art. Sculptures of Tilmann Riemenschneider: North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, October 6-November 11, 1962. [Raleigh, N.C.]: [North Carolina Museum of Art], 1962. Cat. No. III, repr. p. 27, 28, 29
    Werner, Alfred. "Riemenschneider and the Gothic Genius" Arts Magazine (October 1962). pp. 41-42
    "Exhibition Review" Emporium Rivista Mensile d'arte e di cultura (March 1963). pp. 137-8
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    The Cleveland Museum of Art. Handbook of the Cleveland Museum of Art/1966. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1966. Reproduced: p. 77 archive.org
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    Cooper, Barbara, and Maureen Matheson. The World Museums Guide, Edited by Barbara Cooper & Maureen Matheson. London: Threshold Books Ltd, 1973. p. 78
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    Ley, Max, and Konrad Zwingmann. Tilman Riemenschneider: fruhe Werke : Ausstellung im Mainfrankischen Museum Wurzburg. Regensburg: F. Puster, 1981. Cat. No. 57, p. 263-266
    Cleveland Museum of Art, "Tilmann Riemenschneider -- The Early Work," October 7, 1981, Cleveland Museum of Art Archives. archive.org
    Bier, Justus, and Tilman Riemenschneider. Tilmann Riemenschneider/; His Life and Work. Lexington, KY.: Univ. Pr. of Kentucky, 1982. p. 97, fig. 6
    Krohm, Hartmut. Zum Frühwerk Tilman Riemenschneiders: eine Dokumentation. Berlin: Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Skulpturengalerie, 1982. p. 97 fig. 6
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    Kalden-Rosenfeld, Iris, and Tilman Riemenschneider. Tilman Riemenschneider - Werkstattleiter in Würzburg: Beiträge zur Organisation einer Bildschnitzer- und Steinbildhauerwerkstatt im ausgehenden Mittelalter. Ammersbek bei Hamburg: Verl. an der Lottbek Jensen, 1990.
    Roberta Hubbard, "Martin's Mill" CWRU: The Magazine of Case Western Reserve University 5, no.1 (November 1992). p. 38
    Riemenschneider, Tilman, Julien Chapuis, and Michael Baxandall. Tilman Riemenschneider: Master Sculptor of the Late Middle Ages. 1999. Cat. no. 11.
    Marks, Richard "Exhibition Reviews", The Burlington Magazine (July 2000). p. 470
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    Muth, Hanswernfried, Tilman Riemenschneider, and Toni Schneiders. Tilman Riemenschneider: Bildschnitzer zu Würzburg. Würzburg: Echter, 2004. pp. 30-31
    Cleveland Museum of Art, and Holger A. Klein. Sacred Gifts and Worldly Treasures: Medieval Masterworks from the Cleveland Museum of Art. Cleveland, Ohio: Cleveland Museum of Art, 2007. Cat. no. 90, p. 242
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    Borchert, Till, and Julien Chapuis. Van Eyck to Dürer: Early Netherlandish Painting & Central Europe 1430-1530. Tielt: Lannoo, 2010. p. 415, fig. 229
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    Lutz, Gerhard. “Late Medieval Alabaster Sculpture: A new look at Tilman Riemenschneider's Jerome.” Cleveland Art: Cleveland Museum of Art Members Magazine vol. 63, no. 1 (2023): 10-11. Reproduced: P. 11; Mentioned: P. 10.
  • Art and Humanism in the Renaissance. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (January 23-February 25, 1962).
    Work of Tilman Riemenschneider. North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, NC (organizer) (October 6-November 11, 1962).
    Traditions and Revisions: Themes from the History of Sculpture. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (September 24-November 16, 1975).
    Tilman Riemenschneider - Frühe Werke (Tilman Riemenschneider - Early Works). Mainfrankisches Museum, Wurzburg, Germany (organizer) (September 4-November 1, 1981).
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    Sacred Gifts and Worldly Treasures: Medieval Masterworks from the Cleveland Museum of Art. National Museum of Bavaria, Munich, Germany (May 10-September 16, 2007); J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA (October 30, 2007-January 20, 2008); Frist Art Museum, Nashville, TN (February 13-June 7, 2009).
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    Riemenschneider and Late Medieval Alabaster. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (March 26-July 23, 2023).
    Ausstellung für christliche Kunst, Schloss, Mainz, Germany (August 20 - September 4, 1892).
    Meisterwerke der Bildhauerkunst in Frankfurter Privatbesitz, Deutsche und Franzosische Okastik des Mittelalters, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany (1921).
    Riemenschneider Gedächtnis-Ausstellung 1931 des Museum für Kunst und Landesgeschichte im Provinzial, Hannover, Germany (1931).
    Masterpieces of Sculpture, Minneapolis Institute of Arts (November 1-December 11, 1949).
    Classical, Medieval, Renaissance and Modern Sculpture, Dudley P. Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin, OH (January 6-31, 1950).
    Sculptures of Tilman Riemenschneider, North Carolina Museum, Raleigh, North Carolina (October 6 - November 11, 1962).
    Tilman Riemenschneider, Mainfrankisches Museum Wurzburg, Germany (September 1-November 1, 1981).
  • {{cite web|title=Saint Jerome and the Lion (From the former Church of St. Peter in Erfurt)|url=false|author=Tilman Riemenschneider|year=c. 1495|access-date=17 February 2024|publisher=Cleveland Museum of Art}}

Source URL:

https://www.clevelandart.org/art/1946.82