The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of February 23, 2024

The Annunciation

The Annunciation

1380s

Did You Know?

In this depiction of Gabriel, the angel's wings resemble the feathers of a peacock.

Description

This small but opulent panel painting was once joined to another panel with hinges to form a diptych. Given its small size, its original function was for private devotional use. It could be folded like a book when not in use and was highly portable. The missing panel has not been positively identified but probably represented another biblical scene like the Crucifixion. The painting’s refined and ornate style reflects the courtly aesthetic that appealed to royal and aristocratic patrons in the decades around 1400. On the panel’s richly tooled reverse (not visible) are the arms of the house of Hainault quartered with those of Bavaria. While this coat of arms is certainly that of the work’s patron, probably a member of the united dynasties of Hainault and Bavaria, their identity remains elusive.
  • 1863-1925
    Duke of Anhalt-Dessau, Germany
    (C. A. de Burlet, Berlin, Germany)
    ?-1926
    (R. Langton Douglas)
    1926-1954
    Arthur Sachs, New York sold to the Cleveland Museum of Art
    1954-
    The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
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    Detroit Institute of Arts. The Seventh Loan Exhibition; French Gothic Art of the 13th to 15th Century. Nov. 16 to Dec. 5, 1928. [Detroit]: Institute of Arts, 1928. cat. no. 1
    Jacques Seligmann & Co. Loan Exhibition of Religious Art: For the Benefit of the Basilique of the Sacre Coeur of Paris at the Galleries of Jacques Seligmann ... New York, March-April 1927. New York: The Gallery, 1928. Cat. No. 1.
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    Exhibition of French Art 1200-1900: Royal Academy of Arts. London: Burlington House, 1932. Cat. No. 196
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    Robb, David M. "The Iconography of the Annunciation in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries". Art Bulletin / Ed. John Shapley [U.a.]. (1936) 480-526. p. 490, fig. 13
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    The Cleveland Museum of Art. The Cleveland Museum of Art Handbook. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1958. Mentioned and Reproduced: cat. no. 395 archive.org
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    Bober, Harry, "Medieval Art in Cleveland," Apollo LXXCIII (1963). p. 456
    Châtelet, Albert, and Jacques Thuillier. French Painting: From Fouquet to Poussin. Geneva: Skira, 1963. p. 15
    Cleveland Museum of Art. A Missal for a King. [Cleveland]: [The Museum], 1963. Reproduced: p. 1 archive.org
    Eisler, Colin, "Le Gothique International," Art de France IV (1964). p. 290
    Bazin, Germain. Kindlers Malerei Lexikon: 1000 Malersignaturen, 1200 farbige Reproducktionen, 3000 schwarzweisse Reproduktionen in sechs Bänden. 1964. p. 201
    Frinta, Mojmír Svatopluk. 1965. "An Investigation of the Punched Decoration of Mediaeval Italian and Non-Italian Panel Paintings". Art Bulletin / Ed. John Shapley [U.a.]. 261-265. p. 264
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    Laclotte, Michel. Primitifs français. [Paris]: Hachette, 1966. p. 14-15
    Castelnuovo, Enrico. Il gotico internazionale in Europa. Milano: Fratelli Fabbri, 1966. p. 22, pl. 11
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    The Cleveland Museum of Art. Handbook of the Cleveland Museum of Art/1969. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1969. Reproduced: p. 63 archive.org
    Wixom, William D. "An Enthroned Madonna with the Writing Christ Child." The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art 57, no. 9 (1970). p. 290, 297, fig. 11 www.jstor.org
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    Sterling, Charles. "Fighting Animals in the Adoration of the Magi." The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art 61, no. 10 (1974): 350-59. Footnote No. 4 www.jstor.org
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    Castelfranchi Vegas, Liana. Romanico e gotico. Milano: Fratelli Fabbri Editori, 1976. p. 20
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    Sutton, Denys, "Dramatic Days" Apollo: A Journal of the Arts (June 1979) p. 454
    Raeber-Keel, Ursula. Spätgotische Wandmalereien in St. [i.e. Sankt] Peter zu Basel: Die Grabnische mit den Efringerwappen. Sigmaringen: J. Thorbecke, 1979. p. 171, no. 109
    Moench, Esther. "Stefano da Verona: La Quete d'Une Double Paternite" Zeitschrift Fur Kunstgeschichte. 2 (1986) pp. 220-228
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    Gratton, Marie. Dessine-moi le mystère: regards sur l'art sacré. [Montréal]: Fides, 2002. pp. 32-33, 171
    Fliegel, Stephen N., Sophie Jugie, and Virginie Barthélémy. Art from the Court of Burgundy: The Patronage of Philip the Bold and John the Fearless 1364-1419 : Musée Des Beaux-Arts De Dijon, May 28-September 15, 2004, the Cleveland Museum of Art, October 24, 2004-January 9, 2005. [Dijon]: Musée des beaux-arts, 2004. Cat.No.18, p. 66
    Nys, Ludovic, Dominique Vanwijnsberghe, Xavier Fontaine, and Jacques Debergh. Campin in context: peinture et société dans la vallée de l'Escaut à l'époque de Robert Campin, 1375-1445. Valenciennes: Presses universitaires de Valenciennes, 2007. pp. 186-187
    Eikelmann, Renate, Holger A. Klein, Stephen N. Fliegel, and Virginia Brilliant. The Cleveland Museum of Art: Meisterwerke von 300 bis 1550. München: Hirmer, 2007. p. 207, no. 76
    Cleveland Museum of Art, and Holger A. Klein. Sacred Gifts and Worldly Treasures: Medieval Masterworks from the Cleveland Museum of Art. Cleveland, Ohio: Cleveland Museum of Art, 2007. Mentioned and reproduced: P. 194-195, no. 96
    Stroo, Cyriel, Dominique Deneffe, Famke Peters, and Wim Fremout. Pre-Eyckian panel painting in the Low Countries. Primitifs Flamands I, II and III. Brussels: [Brepols], 2009. p. 198, 200, fig. 12-13
    Fajt, Jiří, and Markus Hörsch, eds. Kaiser Karl IV., 1316-2016: erste Bayerisch-Tschechische Landesausstellung: Ausstellungskatalog. Praha: Národní Galerie v Praze, 2016. Mentioned: p. 448; Reproduced: p. 449, fig. 10.8
    Kosina, Elena and Ulf-Dietrich Korn. Die Mittelalterlichen Glasmalereien in Niedersachsen: Ohne Lüneburg und die Heideklöster. Berlin: Deutscher Verlag für Kunstwissenschaft, 2017. Mentioned: p. 56-57; Reproduced: p. 58, fig. 27
    Fajt, Jiří. Nürnberg als Kunstzentrum des Heiligen Römischen Reichs: höfische und städtische Malerei in der Zeit Kaiser Karls IV. 1346-1378. Berlin : Deutscher Kunstverlag ; Prag : Nationalgalerie Prag 2019. Reproduced: p. 122, Abb. 99, detail on p. 323, Abb. 352, detail on p. 407, abb. 455, detail on p. 514, Abb. 569
  • Gothic Art 1360-1440. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (August 6-September 15, 1963).
    Juxtapositions. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (September 11-October 10, 1965).
    Treasures of Medieval France. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (November 16, 1966-January 29, 1967).
    When Angels Bent Near the Earth to Touch Their Harps of Gold: The Christmas Story. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (December 1, 1981-January 17, 1982).
    Dukes and Angels: Art from the Court of Burgundy (1364-1419). Musée des Beaux-Arts, Dijon, Dijon, France (May 27-September 15, 2004); The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (October 24, 2004-January 9, 2005).
    Sacred Gifts and Worldly Treasures: Medieval Masterworks from the Cleveland Museum of Art. National Museum of Bavaria, Munich, Germany (May 10-September 16, 2007); J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA (October 30, 2007-January 20, 2008); Frist Art Museum, Nashville, TN (February 13-June 7, 2009).
    Emperor Charles IV (1316-1378). National Gallery Prague, Prague, Czech Republic (organizer) (May 14-September 25, 2016); Germanisches Nationalmuseum, 90402 Nürnberg, Germany (October 20, 2016-March 5, 2017).
    Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, MA (1927).
    French Painting 1100-1900, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA (Oct. 18th-Dec. 2, 1951).
    La Vierge dans l'art Français, Petit Palais, Paris, France (June 1950).
    Collection of Arthur Sachs, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, CA (July 22-October 18, 1946).
    French Art 1200-1900, Royal Academy, London (January-March 1932).
    French Gothic Art of the 13th to 15th Century, Detroit Institute of Arts, MI (Nov. 16 to Dec. 5, 1928).
    French Primitives and Objects of Art, Kleinberger Galleries, New York, NY (Oct. 15 - Nov. 12, 1927).
    Religious Art, Jacques Seligman & Co. Gallery, New York, NY (March-April 1927).
  • {{cite web|title=The Annunciation|url=false|author=|year=1380s|access-date=23 February 2024|publisher=Cleveland Museum of Art}}

Source URL:

https://www.clevelandart.org/art/1954.393