The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of February 19, 2024

Two Poplars in the Alpilles near Saint-Rémy

Two Poplars in the Alpilles near Saint-Rémy

(Dutch, 1853–1890)
Framed: 81 x 66.7 x 7.3 cm (31 7/8 x 26 1/4 x 2 7/8 in.); Unframed: 61.6 x 45.7 cm (24 1/4 x 18 in.)

Did You Know?

During his Saint-Rémy period, Van Gogh painted 150 canvases and some 100 drawings. He painted nature as he saw it without enhancement and felt that painting would help cure him of his illness.


Van Gogh painted this autumnal landscape while interned at an asylum near Saint-Rémy in southern France. Although initially restricted to painting in his room, he soon resumed working outdoors. This painting reveals the full power of his mature style. Trees twist and lean against a darkening sky, while the intense colors applied with charged brushstrokes convey his emotional reaction to the subject.
  • 1889–1891
    Theo van Gogh [1857-1891] Paris, France, by descent to the artist's brother from the artist's estate.
    Johanna van Gogh-Bonger [1862-1915] his wife, Amsterdam, Netherlands, by gift to Willem Steenhoff.
    Willem Steenhoff [1863-1932] Amsterdam, Netherlands, sold to Alfred Flechtheim
    Alfred Flechtheim, Düsseldorf, Germany
    Max Siller, Barmen, Germany
    Paul Cassirer, Berlin
    Justin Thannhauser, Munich, Berlin, Lucerne
    July 1940
    Harry Sperling [1925-1971] New York, NY
    March 1946
    M. Knoedler and Co., New York, NY
    March 1946
    Sam Salz, New York, NY
    Leonard C. Hanna, Jr, Cleveland, OH, purchased March 12, 1946
    Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. [1889-1957] Cleveland, OH, by bequest to the Cleveland Museum of Art
    The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
  • Flechtheim, Alfred. "Kunsthaler und Sammler: Dusseldorf." In Im Kampf um die Kunst: die Antwort auf den "Protest deutscher Künstler": mit Beiträgen deutscher Künstler, Galerieleiter, Sammler und Schriftsteller. München: R. Piper, 1911. Mentioned: p. 168
    Pfister, Kurt. Vincent van Gogh. Potsdam: G. Kiepenheuer, 1922. Reproduced: Pl. 46
    Waldemar, George. Van Gogh: 24 Phototypies. Paris: Librairie de France F. Sant'Andrea, 1927. Reproduced: vol. 3, pl. 6
    de LaFaille, J. B. L'oeuvre de Vincent van Gogh, catalogue raisonné. Paris et Bruxelles: Les Éditions G. van Oest, 1928. Mentioned: vol.1, no. 638; reproduced: vol. 2, no. 638
    Gogh, Vincent van. Further Letters of Vincent Van Gogh to His Brother, 1886-1889. London: Constable & Co, 1929. Mentioned: p. 399, no. 609, p. 416, no. 617, p. 444-445, no. 630
    Scherjon, W. and W. Jos. de Gruyter. Vincent Van Gogh's Great Period, Arles, St. Rémy and Auvers Sur Oise (Complete Catalogue). Amsterdam NL: "De Spieghel", Ltd, 1937. Reproduced: p. 253, no. 57
    De La Faille, J. Bernard, Charles Terrasse, Prudence Montagu-Pollock, and André Gloeckner. Vincent Van Gogh. New York, N.Y.: French and European Publications [etc.], 1939. Reproduced: no. 643
    Coe, Nancy. The History of the Collecting of European Paintings and Drawings in the City of Cleveland. Thesis M.A. Oberlin College, 1955. Reproduced: vol. 2, p. 73-74
    "More Than 100 Van Goghs in New York's Major Spring Show." ARTnews 54 (April 1955): 22. Reproduced: p. 22
    Elgar, Frank. Van Gogh, A Study of His Life and Work. New York, NY: Praeger, 1958. Reproduced: Fig. 185
    Cleveland Museum of Art. In Memoriam: Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. Cleveland: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1958. Reproduced: no. 15
    "Acessions of American and Canadian Museums: October--December 1957." The Art Quarterly 21, no. 1 (Spring 1958): 82-113. Reproduced: p. 104
    The Bulletin of The Cleveland Museum of Art X, no. XLVI, no, 6 (June, 1959): 122. Mentioned: p. 122
    Cleveland Museum of Art, and Edward B. Henning. Paths of Abstract Art. [Cleveland]: Distributed by H.N. Abrams [New York], 1960. Referenced: cat. no. 11, p. 9, Reproduced: p. 9
    Cleveland Museum of Art, Edward B. Henning. Paths of Abstract Art. Cleveland, Ohio: H.N. Abrams, 1960. Reproduced: no. 11, p. 11; mentioned: pp.11, 21
    The Cleveland Museum of Art. Handbook of the Cleveland Museum of Art/1966. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1966. Reproduced: p. 179
    The Cleveland Museum of Art. Handbook of the Cleveland Museum of Art/1969. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1969. Reproduced: p. 179
    Cleveland Museum of Art. Art of the Twentieth Century in the Cleveland Museum of Art. Cleveland, OH: Dept. of Art History & Education, CMA, 1969. Mentioned: p. 1
    De La Faille, J.-B. The Works of Vincent Van Gogh; His Paintings and Drawings. Amsterdam, NL: Meulenhoff International, 1970. Reproduced: p. 638
    Lecaldano, Paolo. L'opera pittorica completa di Van Gogh e i suoi nessi grafici. Milan, IT: Rizzoli,1971. Reproduced: no. 707, vol. 2
    Gogh, Vincent van, Jean Leymarie, and V. W. van Gogh. Letters of Vincent van Gogh, 1886-1890: a facsimile edition. London: Scolar Press, 1977. Mentioned: vol. 2, no. 609 3/4, no. 630 2/4
    The Cleveland Museum of Art. Handbook of the Cleveland Museum of Art/1978. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1978. Reproduced: p. 221
    Hulsker, Jan. The Complete Van Gogh: Paintings, Drawings, Sketches. New York, NY: H.N. Abrams, 1980. Reproduced: no. 1797
    Bodelsen, Merete, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, and Kirsten Olesen. Gauguin og van Gogh i København i 1893 = Gauguin and van Gogh in Copenhagen in 1893. København, Denmark: Ordrupgaard, 1984. Mentioned: p. 126-127; Reproduced: no. 40, 73
    Bernard, Bruce. Vincent by Himself: A Selection of His Paintings and Drawings Together with Extracts from His Letters. London, UK: Orbis, 1985. Reproduced: p. 286
    Pickvance, Ronald. Van Gogh in Saint-Rémy and Auvers. New York, NY: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1986. Reproduced: p. 302; Mentioned: p. 301
    Sackerlotsky, Rotraud. "Giovanni Segantini: Stone Pine and Roses." The Bulletin of The Cleveland Museum of Art LXXIII, no. 1 (January, 1986): 3-13. Reproduced: p. 9, fig. 9
    Stein, Susan Alyson. Van Gogh: A Retrospective. New York, NY: H.L. Levin Associates, 1986.
    Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf, and Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte Münster. Alfred Flechtheim: Sammler, Kunsthändler, Verleger. Düsseldorf: Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf, 1987. Reproduced: p. 39
    Manheim, Ron. 'Im Kampf um die Kunst: de discussie van 1911 over contemporaine Kunst in Duitsland = Die Diskussion von 1911 über zeitgenössische Kunst in Deutschland. Hamburg: Sautter + Lackmann, 1987. Mentioned: p. 141
    Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Han Veenebos, and Paul Cassirer. Vincent van Gogh & Paul Cassirer, Berlin: the reception of van Gogh in Germany from 1901 to 1914. Zwolle, NL: Waanders, 1988. Reproduced: p. 109, no. f638
    Feilchenfeldt, Walter. "Van Gogh Fakes: The Wacker Affair, with an Illustrated Catalogue of the Forgeries." Simiolus: Netherlands Quarterly for the History of Art 19, no. 4 (1989): 289-316. Reproduced: p. 305
    Bronkhorst, Hans. Vincent Van Gogh. New York, NY: Portland House, 1990. Reproduced: p. 143
    Heijbroek, J. F. "Het Rijksmuseum Voor Moderne Kunst Van Willem Steenhoff. Werkelijkheid of Utopie?" Bulletin Van Het Rijksmuseum 39, no. 2 (1991): 163-231. Reproduced: p. 182
    Hulsker, Jan. The New Complete Van Gogh: Paintings, Drawings, Sketches : Revised and Enlarged Edition of the Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of Vincent Van Gogh. Amsterdam NL: J.M. Meulenhoff, 1996.
    Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes (Mexico). Maestros del impresionismo. México, D.F.: Istituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, 1998. Referenced: p. 186-187
    Argencourt, Louise d', and Roger Diederen. Catalogue of Paintings. Pt. 4. European Paintings of the 19th Century. Cleveland: Cleveland Museum of Art, 1974. Mentioned and reproduced: P. 302-305, Vol. I, no. 108
    Gunnarsson, Torsten, and Hans Henrik Brummer. Impressionism and the North: Late 19th Century French Avant-Garde Art and the Art in the Nordic Countries 1870-1920. Stockholm, SE: Nationalmuseum, 2002. Reproduced: p. 154-155, no. 99
    Theo and Vincent van Gogh. Gohho ten = Vincent & Theo van Gogh. Hokkaidō Shinbunsha, JP: 2002. Reproduced: p. 134-135, fig. 39
    Toccoli, Vincent Paul and Nicoline Lopez. Vincent van Gogh: le soleil foudroyé. Ampang Point, Selangor, MY: NGM Publishers, 2004. Reproduced: p. 109, fig. 91
    Dumas, Ann. The Real Van Gogh: The Artist and His Letters. London, UK: Royal Academy of Arts, 2010. Reproduced & Mentioned: no. 141, p. 258-259
    Standring, Timothy J., and Louis van Tilborgh. Becoming Van Gogh. Denver, CO: Denver Art Museum, 2012. Reproduced: p. 228, p. 273; cat. 88
    Van Tilborgh, Louis, Teio Meedendorp, Ella Hendriks, Don H. Johnson, C. Richard Johnson, and Robert G. Erdmann. "Weave Matching and Dating of Van Gogh's Paintings: An Interdisciplinary Approach." The Burlington Magazine 154, no. 1307 (2012): 112-22. Mentioned: p. 121; reproduced: p. 120, fig. 36
    Skea, Ralph. Vincent's Trees: Paintings and Drawings by Van Gogh. London, UK: Thames & Hudson, 2013. Reproduced: p.7-8, fig. 2; Mentioned: p. 111
    Rathbone, Eliza E., William H. Robinson, William H. Robinson, and Marcia Steele. Van Gogh Repetitions. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 2013.
    Wiekop, Christian. "Crossing Borders: Expressionist Encounters with the French Avant-Garde." Art History: Journal of the Association of Art Historians 38, no. 5 (November 2015): 976-981. Reproduced: fig. 1, p. 977
    Blanc, Jan. Van Gogh: ni Dieu ni maître. Paris: Citadelles & Mazenod, 2017. Reproduced: p. 300-301
    Koldehoff, Stefan and Chris Stolwijk, eds. The Thannhauser Gallery: Marketing Van Gogh. Brussels: Mercatorfonds; Amsterdam: Van Gogh Museum, 2017. Reproduction: p. 137, cat. 19
    Dempsey, Amy. Modern Art. London: Thames & Hudson, 2018. Reproduced: p. 22
    Eiling, Alexander B., Felix Krämer, and Elena Schroll. Making Van Gogh: A German Love Story. München: Hirmer Verlag GmbH, 2019. Reproduced: P. 103
    Koldehoff, Nora, and Stefan Koldehoff. Der van Gogh-Coup: Otto Wackers Aufstieg und Fall. Wädenswil am Zürichsee: Nimbus, Kunst und Bücher, 2019. Reproduced: P. 204, f. 638
    Michael, Cora. "Gauguin in the the Buckeye and Hoosier States: Portrait of Teuraheimata and its Midwestern Collectors." In Paul Gauguin: Teuraheimata a Potoru, a Rediscovery, 11-19. New York: Jill Newhouse Gallery; [Akron, Ohio]: Thomas French Fine Art, 2019. Mentioned: P. 14
    Wach, Alexandra. "Making van Gogh." Restauro, 8 (2019): 44-51. Reproduced: p. 50
    Stein, Susan Alyson. "Signing Off in Style." In Van Gogh's Cypresses. Susan Alyson Stein, ed., 110-141. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2023. Mentioned and reproduced: P. 118-119, fig. 93
    Van Heteren, Marjan. "Van Gogh, Cézanne, Le Fauconnier & De Bergense School." In Van Gogh, Cézanne, Le Fauconnier & De Bergense School, edited by Chris Stolwijk, and Marjan van Heteren, 92-151. 2023. Mentioned and reproduced: p. 140, no. 158
  • Paths of Abstract Art. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (October 5-November 13, 1960).
    Juxtapositions. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (September 11-October 10, 1965).
    Visions of Landscape: East and West. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (February 17-March 21, 1982).
    Gauguin and Van Gogh in Copenhagen in 1893. Ordrupgaard, Charlottenlund, Copenhagen, Denmark (organizer) (December 11, 1984-February 24, 1985).
    Masters of Impressionism. Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico (November 17, 1998-February 28, 1999).
    Vincent and Theo van Gogh. Hokkaido Museum of Modern Art, Hokkaido, Japan (organizer) (July 5-August 25, 2002).
    Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and the Nordic Countries. Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, Sweden (organizer) (September 27, 2002-January 19, 2003); Statens Museum for Kunst, 1307 Københaven K, Denmark (February 21-May 25, 2003).
    Monet to Dalí: Modern Masters from the Cleveland Museum of Art. Beijing World Art Museum, China (May 26-August 27, 2006); Mori Art Center (September 16-November 26, 2006); Seoul Art Center, South Korea (December 22, 2006-March 28, 2007); Seoul Olympic Museum of Art, South Korea (April 7-May 20, 2007); Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada (June 9-September 16, 2007); The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (October 21, 2007-January 13, 2008); Frist Art Museum, Nashville, TN (February 15-June 1, 2008); Utah Museum of Fine Arts, Salt Lake City, UT (June 22-September 21, 2008); The Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI (October 12, 2008-January 18, 2009).
    The Real Van Gogh: The Artist and His Letters. Royal Academy of Arts, London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (organizer) (January 23-April 18, 2010).
    Becoming Van Gogh: His Years in Paris, 1886-1888. Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO (organizer) (October 20, 2012-January 20, 2013).
    Van Gogh Repetitions. The Phillips Collection, Washington, DC (organizer) (October 12, 2013-February 2, 2014); The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (March 2-May 26, 2014).
    Expressionism in Germany and France: From Van Gogh to Kandinsky. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA (organizer) (June 8-September 14, 2014).
    Reciprocal Loan: Painting the Modern Garden. Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL (organizer) (October 1, 2015-April 30, 2016).
    Making Van Gogh. Das Städel, Frankfurt am Main, Germany (organizer) (October 23, 2019-February 16, 2020).
    There's Nothing Like the Real Thing: Van Gogh at the Cleveland Museum of Art. The Cleveland Museum of Art (organizer) (September 17-December 5, 2021).
    Van Gogh's Cypresses. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY (organizer) (May 15-August 27, 2023)
    Den frie Udstilling. Copenhagen, Denmark (1893).
    Paul Cassirer, Berlin, Germany (1901).
    Tentoonstelling Vincent van Gogh. Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands (1905).
    Internationale Ausstellung des Sonderbundes Westdeutscher Kunstfreunde und Künstler. Städtische Ausstellungshalle am Aachener Tor, Cologne, Germany (1912).
    Vincent van Gogh, Zehnte Ausstellung. Paul Cassirer, Berlin, Germany (1914).
    Erste Sonderausstellung in Berlin.Galerie Thannhauser, Berlin, Germany (1927).
    Vincent van Gogh en zijn Tijdgenooten. Stedelijk Museum. Amsterdam, Netherlands (1930).
    Art Museum. Paintings by Van Gogh. Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD; Worcester Museum, Worcester, MA (1942).
    Works by Vincent van Gogh.Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (1948).
    Summer Loan: fourteen paintings from the Hanna collection. Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, NY (June-September 1949).
    Loan Exhibition Van Gogh. Wildenstein, New York, NY (1955).
    Masterpiece of the Month. Art Institute, Akron, OH (March 3-31, 1959).
  • {{cite web|title=Two Poplars in the Alpilles near Saint-Rémy|url=false|author=Vincent van Gogh|year=1889|access-date=19 February 2024|publisher=Cleveland Museum of Art}}

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