The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of June 15, 2024

Five Grotesque Heads

Five Grotesque Heads

Location: not on view

Did You Know?

The term "grotesque" derives from the Italian word "grotteschi," which refers to the grottoes found in ancient Roman houses that were rediscovered around 1500.


From an early age, Gaetano Gandolfi was admired for his drawings, many of which were created as independent works of art and avidly collected by Italian and British patrons. This drawing is one of Gandolfi’s so-called teste pittoriche, or pictorial heads. Devised by the artist in the 1770s, this genre is based on contemporary academic theories that proposed that human emotions could be scientifically classified by facial expressions.
  • [R. E. Lewis, Inc.] (according to departmental card)
  • Stories From Storage. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (February 7-May 16, 2021).
    [did not find a registrarial file for this one, Apr. 1996]-?
    Graphic Humor. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (June 1-August 29, 1982).
    CMA, Graphic Humor (June 1-Aug. 29, 1982).
    18th Century Master Drawings. The Cleveland Museum of Art (organizer) (October 6-November 22, 1981).
    CMA, Eighteenth-Century Master Drawings from the Collection (Oct. 6-Nov. 22, 1981).
    Connoisseurship in Italian Figural Compositions. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (October 21, 1980-February 15, 1981).
    CMA, Connoisseurship in Italian Figural Compositions (Oct. 21, 1980-Feb. 15, 1981).
    Year in Review: 1970. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (February 10-March 7, 1971).
    CMA, "Year in Review for 1970" (Feb. 10-Mar. 7, 1971), cma Bulletin 58 (1971), p. 67 no. 78.
  • {{cite web|title=Five Grotesque Heads|url=false|author=Gaetano Gandolfi|year=1750–1800|access-date=15 June 2024|publisher=Cleveland Museum of Art}}

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