The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of June 21, 2024

Summer Clouds

Summer Clouds

(American, born Germany, 1881–1971)
Overall: 29.2 x 25.2 cm (11 1/2 x 9 15/16 in.)
© Ann Baumann Trust
Catalogue raisonné: Chamberlain 110
Location: not on view


Baumann did all the work of making woodcuts himself. He used a wide variety of knives, chisels, and gouges to cut basswood blocks, a soft yet durable even-grained wood. Inks were fabricated by grinding dry pigments and mixing them with a varnish base according to the artist’s own recipes. He developed a comprehensive understanding of ink chemistry, learning that each pigment behaved differently; some could not be mixed or overprinted by others. Baumann was fussy about the support for his prints and preferred high-quality, slightly textured cotton or linen papers that ranged in color from ivory to light tan. Woodcut is a relief technique. Excess wood is cut away, leaving the design raised. “Draw directly on the block whatever you want,” Baumann instructed. “Then cut away whatever you don’t want and print what’s left.”
  • Chamberlain, Gala, et al., In a Modern Rendering: The Color Woodcuts of Gustave Baumann : a Catalogue Raisonné. New York: Rizzoli Electa, 2019. Mentioned: p. 318, cat 110
  • Gustave Baumann: Colorful Cuts. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (December 20, 2020-June 27, 2021).
  • {{cite web|title=Summer Clouds|url=false|author=Gustave Baumann|year=1926|access-date=21 June 2024|publisher=Cleveland Museum of Art}}

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