The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of March 5, 2024

Women bathing before an architectural panorama

Women bathing before an architectural panorama

c. 1765
Location: not on view

Did You Know?

The artist signed his name below the king’s seat that overlooks the garden vista.


Despite the wars waged and forts besieged in the background, life in the palace is carefree and luxurious. Some women enjoy hookahs and music on balconies, while others swim and drink liquor with abandon from Chinese porcelain cups and bottles. The artist has placed his name under the central pavilion, observing the scene across a formal garden of marigolds. The artist seems to have enjoyed experimenting with the idea of perspective, learned from European sources. He created a rapidly receding space that telescopes the view from the intimate harem quarters to the distant battlefields.
  • February 28, 1974
    (Sotheby Parke Bernet, New York, Oriental Miniatures, Fine Books, Autographs, 28 February 1974, lot 131)
    April 11, 1989
    (Christie’s, London, Important Islamic, Indian and Southeast Asian Manuscripts, Miniatures and Works of Art, 11 April 1989, lot 94)
    Ralph Benkaim [1914–2001] and Catherine Glynn Benkaim [b. 1946], Beverly Hills, CA
    Catherine Glynn Benkaim and Barbara Timmer, Beverly Hills, CA, partial sale and gift to the Cleveland Museum of Art
    The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
  • Mace, Sonia Rhie, Dominique DeLuca, and Mohsen Ashtiany. Mughal Paintings: Art and Stories : the Cleveland Museum of Art. 2016. cat. 91, p. 284, 286, 288.
  • Imagining the Garden. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (October 24, 2015-March 6, 2016).
    Art and Stories from Mughal India. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (July 31-October 23, 2016).
  • {{cite web|title=Women bathing before an architectural panorama|url=false|author=Fayzullah|year=c. 1765|access-date=05 March 2024|publisher=Cleveland Museum of Art}}

Source URL: