These teacher materials emphasize African cosmology, which sees an essential division between the village and the bush, or wilderness.
Western Sudan, Mali, Bamana, early-mid 20th century
wood, beads, shell, metal, Overall: 44.50 x 66.00 cm (17 1/2 x 25 15/16 inches). Gift of Mrs. Ralph M. Coe in memory of Ralph M. Coe 1965.325
The male Chiwara society celebrates agriculture and instructs its members in farming practices. Attached to a basketry skullcap, headdresses like this one from the Djitoumou region, are worn in pairs in performances during the dry season by men who have shown excellence in agricultural labor. This female example represents the mythic "farming beast"--part antelope, part aardvark--that introduced agriculture to the Bamana.
Kansas City, MO, The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art: The Imagination of Primitive Man: A Survey of the Arts of the Non-Literate Peoples of the World (1962), cat. no. 3.
CMA 1965: "Year in Review," Bulletin, LII (November 1965), p, 152, no. 22.