Manuscript of the Five Protections (Pancharaksha)

Thursday, August 2, 1117 (Year 39 of Ramapala, reign 1078/79–at least 1130)
Location: not on view
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Seeing the painting of each goddess is as efficacious as reading the text.

Description

This manuscript consists of five separate texts, each personified by the figure of a Spell Queen. The texts contain protective spells along with ritual instructions and stories about how the Buddha taught the spells to his followers.

The colors of the figures correspond to those of a tantric Buddhist mandala, or diagram of space. White indicates the center, followed by green, red, yellow, and blue for north, west, south, and east, implying that the protections extend to all directions.
Manuscript of the Five Protections (Pancharaksha)

Manuscript of the Five Protections (Pancharaksha)

Thursday, August 2, 1117 (Year 39 of Ramapala, reign 1078/79–at least 1130)

Eastern India, Bihar or Bengal, possibly Sattar

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