Mar 6, 2013
Mar 6, 2013
Mar 6, 2013
Mar 6, 2013

Fragment of a Goat's Head

Fragment of a Goat's Head

c. 500–475 BC


Overall: 35 cm (13 3/4 in.)

Gift of Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. 1926.538


Did you know?

Pan, the goat-headed god, is often called a son of Hermes, but sources disagree.


Initially identified as a horse head, this fragmentary sculpture, once painted reddish-brown, has a beard, indicating that it depicts a goat. Its large size, however, together with its neck position and unusual round eye, have all prompted questions. Was the head broken from a rearing goat? Or did it represent Pan, the rustic shepherd god often depicted as half-man, half-goat? If Pan, some scholars have connected it with a fifth-century BC Athenian sanctuary erected to thank the god for aid in battle. An alleged provenance near the Athenian Acropolis supported this idea, but scientific tests suggest otherwise.

See also
GR - Greek
Greek and Roman Art
Type of artwork: 

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance, may not be currently accurate. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

All images and data available through Open Access can be downloaded for free. For images not available through Open Access, a detail image, or any image with a color bar, request a digital file from Image Services.