mid- to late 1300s
Hanging scroll; ink, color, gold and cut gold on silk
Painting: 106.5 x 56.6 cm (41 15/16 x 22 5/16 in.); Overall with knobs and cord: 201.5 x 80.4 cm (79 5/16 x 31 5/8 in.)
Gift of Mrs. Henry S. Upson, 25th Anniversary Gift 1941.279
This painting would have been the main icon for ceremonial readings of the Great Perfection of Wisdom Sutra.
The historical Buddha Shakyamuni forms a triad with the bodhisattvas Fugen and Monju. Sixteen deities who protect the Buddhist scripture called the Great Perfection of Wisdom Sutra surround them. At the bottom left stands the Chinese monk Xuanzang, noted as a Buddhist scholar and translator of religious texts from India, including the Great Wisdom Sutra.
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