Shakyamuni Triad with the Sixteen Benevolent Deities

Shakyamuni Triad with the Sixteen Benevolent Deities


mid- to late 1300s

Hanging scroll; ink, color, gold and cut gold on silk

Overall: 109.5 x 58.4 cm (43 1/8 x 23 in.)

Gift of Mrs. Henry S. Upson, 25th Anniversary Gift 1941.279


Fun Fact

This painting would have been the main icon for ceremonial readings of the Great Perfection of Wisdom Sutra.


The historical Buddha Shakyamuni forms a triad with the bodhisattvas Fugen and Monju. Sixteen deities who protect the Buddhist scripture called the Great Perfection of Wisdom Sutra surround them. At the bottom left stands the Chinese monk Xuanzang, noted as a Buddhist scholar and translator of religious texts from India, including the Great Wisdom Sutra.

See also

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance information, is based on historic information and may not be currently accurate or complete. Research on objects is an ongoing process, but the information about this object may not reflect the most current information available to CMA. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

Is something not working on this page? Please email

Request a digital file from Image Services that is not available through CC0, a detail image, or any image with a color bar. If you have questions about requesting an image, please email