María Martinez and her husband, Julián, achieved international fame for black-on-black ware, which they began to make in 1918. The process involves painting a pattern in slip—a creamy mix of clay and water—on a surface that has already been uniformly slipped and then polished. With firing, the exposed polished areas become glossy while the second layer of slip retains a matte finish. Along with her husband, María Martinez worked with other family members, here her daughter-in-law Santana Roybal Martinez.
Plate with Feather Design
María Martinez, Santana Roybal Martinez
(San Ildefonso Pueblo, about 1887–1980), (San Ildefonso Pueblo, 1909–2002)
Southwest, Pueblo, San Ildefonso, Post-Contact Period, 20th century
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