This jade vase's flaring lip, central band, and flaring foot are derived from archaic bronze zun.
In the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties, luxury items became more affordable to larger parts of the society, including women, merchants, and literati in non-official positions. Imperial patronage and a growing urban population encouraged consumption of luxury goods and local craftmanship. This jade vase has free ring handles suspended from a pair of feline masks. The cross-section of vase is an eight-sided lozenge with curving sides. It illustrates the superb carving skills and the creative mind of its accomplished creator, who sought clients on a competitive market.
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