early to mid-1600s
(Japanese, c. 1570-c. 1640)
Hanging scroll; ink on paper
Image: 95.8 x 38.7 cm (37 11/16 x 15 1/4 in.); Overall: 187.3 x 50.8 cm (73 3/4 x 20 in.)
Norman O. Stone and Ella A. Stone Memorial Fund 1958.289
This painting is based on the 1602 illustrated publication Marvelous Traces of Immortals and Buddhas (Chinese: Xianfo qizong).
Sōtatsu’s painting was inspired by a Chinese book of the late Ming dynasty that featured images of legendary Chinese Buddhist experts and Daoist sages. The monk portrayed here is Niaoge, literally "bird’s nest." He was an eccentric Zen practitioner who favored the isolation of treetops, from which he offered advice to the perplexed. Indeed, the posture of the single figure in the painting suggests dialogue with someone below. Sōtatsu was a master of a "boneless" or unoutlined style of ink painting that relied on layered pools of ink wash for effect.
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