Buddhist Retreat by Stream and Mountains



Juran 巨然

(Chinese, active 960–985)
Painting only: 184.5 x 56.1 cm (72 5/8 x 22 1/16 in.); Overall with knobs: 260.5 x 77.4 cm (102 9/16 x 30 1/2 in.)
Location: not on view
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Did You Know?

This hanging scroll with the towering mountain is a prime example of the monumental landscape style of Northern Song.


Monk Juran served the Southern Tang (937–75) imperial house in Nanjing, where he studied with Dong Yuan (active 930s–60s). Both founded the southern landscape tradition, or Jiangnan school, known for gentle misty riverscapes in wet ink.

Juran moved north to Kaifeng when the Southern Tang surrendered to the Northern Song, the impact of which may be seen in this painting, presumably painted after 976. A towering mountain dominates the composition, typically representing the style of the Northern Song academy; while the use of long hemp fiber strokes to texture the mountains, wet dots, and round boulders on mountain tops are elements of the southern landscape tradition.
Buddhist Retreat by Stream and Mountains

Buddhist Retreat by Stream and Mountains



(Chinese, active 960–985)
China, Northern Song dynasty (960-1127)

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