Virgin and Child with St. John, St. Catherine of Siena and St. Francis

Virgin and Child with St. John, St. Catherine of Siena and St. Francis


Andrea Andreani

(Italian, about 1558–1610)

after Jacopo Ligozzi

(Italian, 1547-1626)

Chiaroscuro woodcut

Fortieth Anniversary Gift of The Print Club of Cleveland in honor of William Mathewson Milliken 1960.19

Catalogue raisonné: Bartsch XII.67.27

State: I/I



Artists working in 16th-century Italy developed the chiaroscuro woodcut as a means of representing depth and creating dramatic contrasts between light and shadow. Andrea Andreani was among the first to use the process to reproduce paintings and drawings by other artists, an important function of printed images in the Renaissance. This image of Christ and the Virgin surrounded by saints reproduces the design of a painting after Jacopo Ligozzi, if not its original color scheme. Typical of the technique, four blocks of different colors were employed to create the highlights, shading, and deep shadows of the composition.

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