Support: Cream(3) laid paper
Sheet: 22.1 x 19.7 cm (8 11/16 x 7 3/4 in.)
Dudley P. Allen Fund 1960.30
Catalogue raisonné: Hollstein V.116.454
Throughout the 1200s, the French relied on heavy cavalry as the mainstay of mounted shock combat, a military development that shifted the focus from the axe-wielding infantry man to the heavily armored, lance-carrying knight.
The Battle of Nancy on January 7, 1477, between the forces of the king of France (Louis XI) and the king of Feuereisen (Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy) involved early artillery, visible in the distant background. The heavily armored cavalry fight with lances and swords. Of particular interest is the unarmored infantry's use of the pike, a long, small-headed spear, as a lethal hedge against cavalry charges.
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