Jul 21, 2014
Jan 14, 2009

Apollo on Parnassus

Apollo on Parnassus

c. 1517–20

Marcantonio Raimondi

(Italian, 1470/82–1527/34)

after Raphael

(Italian, 1483–1520)


Support: Laid paper

Sheet: 35.5 x 46.9 cm (14 x 18 7/16 in.)

Gift of The Print Club of Cleveland 1963.231

Catalogue raisonné: Bartsch 247 ( XIV.200) ; Delaborde 110

State: before described state

Impression: working proof



Around 1510, the influential painter Raphael began collaborating with the engraver Raimondi to translate his designs into prints, which allowed his works to reach an international audience. This engraving replicates Raphael’s design for a fresco he painted in the personal apartments of Pope Julius II (1443–1513), showing that devotion to classical ideas reached even the highest levels of religious authority. In addition to Apollo and his muses, Raphael portrayed some of history’s most celebrated poets on the Greek mountain Parnassus. On the left, next to a seated scribe, the ancient Greek poet Homer stands between the Latin poet Virgil (Roman, 70–19 BC) and the late medieval author Dante (Italian, about 1265–1321).

See also
PR - Engraving
Type of artwork: 

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