Mar 5, 2007

The Virgin Crowned by Angels

The Virgin Crowned by Angels

c. 1450

Stefan Lochner

(German, 1400-c. 1452)

Oil on wood

Framed: 68.5 x 47.5 x 7.5 cm (26 15/16 x 18 11/16 x 2 15/16 in.); Unframed: 50.5 x 29.2 cm (19 7/8 x 11 1/2 in.)

John L. Severance Fund 1968.20


Two angels, barely visible against a dark background, crown Mary as the Queen of Heaven. Her slight features are made more substantial by her elaborately draped, brilliant crimson mantle. Holding the Christ child, she stands on a floor scattered with red and white roses, symbols of her purity. Green palmettes enriched with costly gold thread decorate the velvet. Since silk velvet was not woven in the north, Italian velvets were frequently depicted in northern paintings during the 1400s. Lochner is thought to have come from Meersburg in southwest Germany, and is recorded as being in Cologne by 1442, where he was paid for decorations in connection with the celebration of the visit of Emperor Frederick III. He was elected town councillor by the painters’ guild in 1447 and 1450. There are no records of him after 1451.

See also
MED - Medieval Art
Medieval Art
Type of artwork: 
Oil on wood

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