Fiftieth anniversary gift of The Print Club of Cleveland 1969.271
Catalogue raisonné: Meder 266
The Men’s Bath House could be a simple genre scene or be interpreted as an allegory. The bathers could represent the four temperaments, each of whom is undergoing an appropriate purgative treatment: for melancholic gloom, the figure leaning on the post at the left listens to music; for phlegmatic sluggishness, the figure at the right drinks wine; for choleric cruelty, the figure in the left
foreground will rub himself with a scraping knife; and for sanguine sensuality, the figure in the right
foreground inhales the fragrance of a flower.
Dürer produced many large woodcuts in the 1490s that had striking pictorial effects. Several of these
are secular in content, reflecting a growing public interest in nonreligious subjects. A bath house was a fairly common image at the time but Dürer has treated the scene with great originality. He represented the male figure at different ages and in contrasting positions, a theme with which he was then preoccupied. The outdoor setting is unusual and allows for a landscape background which adds a sense of deep space.
The information about this object, including provenance information, is based on historic information and may not be currently accurate or complete. Research on objects is an ongoing process, but the information about this object may not reflect the most current information available to CMA. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.
Is something not working on this page? Please email email@example.com.
Request a digital file from Image Services that is not available through CC0, a detail image, or any image with a color bar. If you have questions about requesting an image, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.