Hotei

布袋図

mid-1500s
painter

Yamada Dōan I (Juntei) 初代 山田道安(順貞)

(Japanese, d. 1573)
calligrapher

Tōkei Jakurin 桃渓 若霖

(Japanese, dates unknown)
Overall: 85.7 x 35.3 cm (33 3/4 x 13 7/8 in.)
Location: not on view
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Description

Hotei is a semilegendary figure who may have lived from the late 800s to the early 900s. He later became prominent in Chan (or Zen, in Japanese) Buddhist literature. He epitomizes the freewheeling figure outside the mainstream monastic system—in which people strive for enlightenment through prescribed methods—who nonetheless attains a high level of spiritual awakening. The inscription warns against seeking enlightenment by conscious effort:

Big stomach, gaping garment,
Treasures gathered deep in the bottom of his bag,
Passing through the sky is another road,
Do not seek that to which his fingertip points.
Hotei

Hotei

mid-1500s

Yamada Dōan I (Juntei), Tōkei Jakurin

(Japanese, d. 1573), (Japanese, dates unknown)
Japan, Muromachi period (1392–1573)

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