Jul 25, 2016

Bellona Leading the Armies of the Emperor against the Turks

Bellona Leading the Armies of the Emperor against the Turks


Jan Muller

(Dutch, 1571–1628)

after Bartholomaeus Spranger

(Flemish, 1546–1611)

Engraving (printed from two plates)

Support: Cream(1) laid paper

Sheet: 70.8 x 51.2 cm (27 7/8 x 20 3/16 in.); Image: 66.2 x 50.3 cm (26 1/16 x 19 13/16 in.)

Edwin R. and Harriet Pelton Perkins Memorial Fund 1985.142

Catalogue raisonné: Hollstein XIV.107.50

State: I/II



The central, striding figure, Bellona (the Roman goddess of war), is said to be either the sister or the wife of Mars, god of war. The double-headed eagle of the Habsburgs appears on the flag behind her. Born in Amsterdam, Jan Muller probably learned engraving from his father, Harman Muller, a printmaker and publisher. He traveled to Italy in the 1590s and presumably stopped in Prague along the way. There he made prints based on designs by artists employed at the Habsburg court, including Bartholomeaus Spranger (1546–1611).

See also

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance, may not be currently accurate. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email collectionsdata@clevelandart.org.

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

All images and data available through Open Access can be downloaded for free. For images not available through Open Access, a detail image, or any image with a color bar, request a digital file from Image Services.