c. 1855

attributed to Joseph Alexis Bailly

(American, 1825–1883)
Overall: 290.4 x 211.4 x 69.4 cm (114 5/16 x 83 1/4 x 27 5/16 in.)
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Did You Know?

Luscious fruit, wild animals, and Native American figures are masterfully carved into this walnut sideboard. These decorative adornments were created for a distinctively American taste and would have symbolized abundance and wealth to visitors who encountered it within a grand dining room.


Newly acquired wealth from railroad production, manufacturing, and an expanded economy produced a new elite class of Americans who looked abroad for sources of decoration to adorn their lives. Grand, baronial furniture, reminiscent of German hunting lodges or French castles, became popular during the mid 1800s among America’s wealthy. Elaborate displays of abundance were reflected in the carvings of flora, fauna, and freshly hunted game. The depictions of Native American hunters on this example, most likely made in Philadelphia, may have meant that this piece was displayed at one of the many international expositions that occurred during this period.


c. 1855

Joseph Alexis Bailly

(American, 1825–1883)
America, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia?, 19th century


American Carving and the Renaissance Revival

Fancy Furniture for the Newly Wealthy

Why Do We Think Joseph Bailey Made This?

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