Pen and brown ink on paper; retouched with brush and brown wash, lead white (partially oxidized)
Support: Beige(1) laid paper
Sheet: 12.9 x 12.8 cm (5 1/16 x 5 1/16 in.)
John L. Severance Fund 1987.31
In the 1600s, the artist Peter Paul Rubens made additions in ink wash and white paint to this c. 1500 drawing by an unknown Netherlandish artist.
As the most prolific and financially successful Flemish artist of the 1600s, Peter Paul Rubens maintained an enormous workshop in Antwerp where he trained numerous assistants. Rubens is known to have assembled a vast collection of historical drawings by Italian and Flemish artists that he consulted to create his paintings and to teach his assistants. One such example is this drawing that shows a woman from three angles, allowing us to view her elaborate headdress from the front, side, and back.
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