c. 1948–49
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Maria Martinez was one of the most distinguished Native American potters of the Southwest who worked at the San Ildefonso Pueblo in the first half of the 20th century. Firing in a reducing (low oxygen) atmosphere produces the black-on-black effect seen on this bowl. Maria Martinez and her husband Julián invented the black-on-black decoration technique around 1920; it was then adopted by many other potters at their pueblo.


c. 1948–49

María Martinez, Santana Roybal Martinez

(San Ildefonso Pueblo, about 1887–1980), (San Ildefonso Pueblo, 1909–2002)
America, New Mexico, San Ildefonso, 20th century


The Black Color

Collaborating with her Family

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