Summer Clouds

Summer Clouds


Part of a set. See all set records

Gustave Baumann

(American, born Germany, 1881–1971)

Wood block for black

Support: White pine

Overall: 29.2 x 25.2 cm (11 1/2 x 9 15/16 in.)

John L. Severance Fund 2003.241.6

Catalogue raisonné: Chamberlain 110



Baumann did all the work of making woodcuts himself. He used a wide variety of knives, chisels, and gouges to cut basswood blocks, a soft yet durable even-grained wood. Inks were fabricated by grinding dry pigments and mixing them with a varnish base according to the artist’s own recipes. He developed a comprehensive understanding of ink chemistry, learning that each pigment behaved differently; some could not be mixed or overprinted by others. Baumann was fussy about the support for his prints and preferred high-quality, slightly textured cotton or linen papers that ranged in color from ivory to light tan. Woodcut is a relief technique. Excess wood is cut away, leaving the design raised. “Draw directly on the block whatever you want,” Baumann instructed. “Then cut away whatever you don’t want and print what’s left.”

See also
PR - Woodblock
Type of artwork: 

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance, may not be currently accurate. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

All images and data available through Open Access can be downloaded for free. For images not available through Open Access, a detail image, or any image with a color bar, request a digital file from Image Services.