The Flagellation, from a Mirror of Holiness (Mir’at al-quds) of Father Jerome Xavier

The Flagellation, from a Mirror of Holiness (Mir’at al-quds) of Father Jerome Xavier


Part of a set. See all set records

Opaque watercolor, ink, color and gold on paper

Sheet: 26.2 x 15.3 cm (10 5/16 x 6 in.); Image: 22.3 x 13.3 cm (8 3/4 x 5 1/4 in.)

John L. Severance Fund 2005.145.182.a


Did you know?

A halo encircles Jesus’s head, and his hair and beard are highlighted with gold.


This is the last illustration in the Cleveland manuscript of the Mir’at al-quds. It depicts the scene of the flagellation of Jesus, but it foreshadows the Crucifixion, since his feet are elevated off the ground. His facial expression combines both pain and compassion as he is whipped by Roman soldiers. Although the Crucifixion is the most important event in the narrative of the life of Jesus, it is not depicted in this manuscript. This is perhaps due to the discomfort of Mughal painters or patrons with the subject. According to the Qur'an, Jesus was not crucified, but his body was mystically brought to heaven by Allah.

See also

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance information, is based on historic information and may not be currently accurate or complete. Research on objects is an ongoing process, but the information about this object may not reflect the most current information available to CMA. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

Is something not working on this page? Please email

Request a digital file from Image Services that is not available through CC0, a detail image, or any image with a color bar. If you have questions about requesting an image, please email