(American, born Germany, 1881-1971)
Tempera on brown paper
Support: Brown paper (white border)
Image: 26 x 23.4 cm (10 1/4 x 9 3/16 in.); with borders: 28 x 25.4 cm (11 x 10 in.); Sheet: 28.2 x 25.4 cm (11 1/8 x 10 in.)
Gift of Ann Baumann 2005.456
© Ann Baumann Trust
From 1913 Baumann’s tempera preparatory drawings were always made on brown, tan, or gray paper. The background color functioned as a neutral, median baseline from which both brighter and darker hues could be calibrated. The gold border (Baumann most often painted a white perimeter around his drawings) brightens the scene and enhances the illusion of depth as if looking through a window into a three-dimensional space. The gold frame also separates the image from the margins of brown paper, so that areas of unpainted paper become integrated within the design.
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