May 16, 2008

Fol. 354v, Amos, historiated initial V, Amos kneeling in prayer, bust of God above

Fol. 354v, Amos, historiated initial V, Amos kneeling in prayer, bust of God above

c. 1275–1300

Part of a set. See all set records

Ink, tempera and gold on vellum

Overall: 35.6 x 24.2 cm (14 x 9 1/2 in.)

John L. Severance Fund 2008.2.354.b



Biblical manuscripts were highly prized and important possessions of churches, monasteries, cathedral schools, and universities throughout medieval Europe. The biblical texts were known as the vulgate, the translations made by Saint Jerome in the fourth century from Hebrew and Greek into Latin, which became the definitive and official Latin version of the Roman Church. In the 13th century, the bible was, for the first time, produced as a single volume with an officially sanctioned sequence to its books and chapters as illustrated by this example. The very extensive decoration of this bible is arranged hierarchically to indicate the relative importance of the various texts so that full or almost full-page initials mark the openings of the first prologue, Genesis, and the first Gospel; historiated initials mark the beginning of each book and illuminated initials mark the Prologues.

See also
MED - Gothic
Medieval Art
Type of artwork: 
Bound Volume

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance, may not be currently accurate. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

All images and data available through Open Access can be downloaded for free. For images not available through Open Access, a detail image, or any image with a color bar, request a digital file from Image Services.