Aug 1, 2011
Aug 1, 2011

Sultan and Musicians

Sultan and Musicians

c. 1650

Opaque watercolor and gold on paper

Image: 16.9 x 20.4 cm (6 5/8 x 8 1/16 in.); Border: 20.3 x 23.6 cm (8 x 9 5/16 in.)

Gift of Dr. Norman Zaworski 2012.300



A figure dressed in austere garments with a rosary before him listens to music while smoking a hookah. The peacock-feather whisk held by an attendant standing behind him is an emblem of his royal status. He listens intently to the percussionists and two singers with open mouths, who may be performing a work by a mystic of the Sufi branch of Islam, given the essential role of music in Sufism and the pious mood of the all-male gathering. Portraits from this southern region, known as the Deccan, are marked by subtle delicacy and sensitive realism.

See also

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance information, is based on historic information and may not be currently accurate or complete. Research on objects is an ongoing process, but the information about this object may not reflect the most current information available to CMA. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

Request a digital file from Image Services that is not available through CC0, a detail image, or any image with a color bar. If you have questions about requesting an image, please email