c. 1856, printed 1862
Albumen print from glass plate negative
Image: 19.5 x 17 cm (7 11/16 x 6 11/16 in.); Paper: 21.5 x 17 cm (8 7/16 x 6 11/16 in.); Mounted: 41.1 x 27.5 cm (16 3/16 x 10 13/16 in.)
Severance and Greta Millikin Trust 2018.10
Duchenne, a neurologist at a hospital for the poor in Paris, turned to photography to record the grammar of human expression.
This photograph is part of the first systematic exploration of the physiology of human facial expression. In order to demonstrate how each individual muscle contributed to creating an expression, Duchenne stimulated one or more muscles on one side of the face and left the other at rest.
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