(Zurich, active c. 1890-1910)
Image: 20.6 x 26.6 cm (8 1/8 x 10 1/2 in.); Paper: 20.6 x 26.6 cm (8 1/8 x 10 1/2 in.)
Purchase from the Karl B. Goldfield Trust 2018.218
The Mughal emperor Babur, who was Muslim, considered these sculptures of Jain spiritual teachers to be “idols” and had them defaced.
These sculptures depict tirthankaras, saviors or spiritual teachers in the Jain religion, one of the oldest religions in the world. They were carved into the steep sides of the cliffs below Gwalior’s fort between the 7th and 15th centuries. The tiny visitors depicted on the road emphasize their monumental scale.
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