The Cleveland Museum of Art

Collection Online as of February 20, 2024

Christ on the Cross

Christ on the Cross

c. 1600–1610
(Spanish, 1541–1614)
Framed: 221 x 144 x 10 cm (87 x 56 11/16 x 3 15/16 in.); Unframed: 193 x 116 cm (76 x 45 11/16 in.)

Description

El Greco (Spanish for "the Greek") was trained on his native island, Crete, as a painter of small-scale devotional images (icons). In the late 1560s he moved first to Venice, where he may have worked with Tintoretto (1518-1594), and then to Rome. Finally, he settled in Toledo, Spain. Tintoretto's influence is visible here in the colors and in the elongated figural proportions. The graphic depiction of blood, however, may reflect the Spanish interest in Christ's sufferings as a subject for meditation.
  • By 1815-1952
    Convent of the Salesas, Madrid, Spain
    1952
    Tomas Harris, London, England
    (Rudolf Heinemann, New York, NY)
    -1952
    (M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., New York, NY, sold to the Cleveland Museum of Art)
    1952-
    The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
  • Madrid. Paseo por Madrid; ó, Guia del Forastero en la Corte. Obra ... precedida de un compendio de la historia de Madrid, etc. 1815. p. 41
    Cossío, Manuel B. El Greco. Madrid: V. Suárez, 1908. p. 367, no. 109
    Sociedad Española de Amigos del Arte, Madrid. Exposición del antiguo Madrid; catálogo general ilustrado. Madrid: Gráficas reunidas, s. a, 1926. cat. no. 900, p. 85
    Camon Aznar, Jos. Domenico Greco. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1950. I, 646, fig. 491, and II, 1366, no. 178
    Francis, Henry S. “A Crucifixion by El Greco.” The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art 40, no. 1 (1953). pp. 4-7 www.jstor.org
    The Cleveland Museum of Art. The Cleveland Museum of Art Handbook. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1958. Mentioned and Reproduced: cat. no. 422 archive.org
    Cleveland Museum of Art, and William Mathewson Milliken. In Memoriam: Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. [Catalogue]. 1958. cat. no. 50
    Cleveland Museum of Art, and William Mathewson Milliken. The Cleveland Museum of Art. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1958. p. 37
    Gaya Nuño, Juan Antonio. La pintura española fuera de España; historia y catálogo. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1958. p. 203, no. 1387
    Canaday, John. Metropolitan Seminars in Art. [New York]: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1959. Portfolio 3: Expressionism, p. 26
    Wethey, Harold E. El Greco and His School. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1962. I, fig. 186, and II, 46-47, no. 68
    Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, and Your Neighbor's Faith (Group). Religious Art from Byzantium to Chagall: [Catalogue of] a Loan Exhibition, Dec. 13, 1964 to Jan. 10, 1965. 1965. cat. no. 35
    The Cleveland Museum of Art. Handbook of the Cleveland Museum of Art/1966. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1966. Reproduced: p. 130 archive.org
    The Cleveland Museum of Art. Handbook of the Cleveland Museum of Art/1969. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1969. Reproduced: p. 130 archive.org
    Lafuente Ferrari, Enrique, Greco, and José Manuel Pita Andrade. El Greco: the expressionism of his final years. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc, 1969. p. 128 no. 94, p. 159 fig. 79
    Greco, and Tiziana Frati. L'opera completa del Greco. Milano: Rizzoli, 1969. cat. no. 6Ic, illus. p. 101
    National Gallery (Great Britain), Neil MacLaren, and Allan Braham. The Spanish School. London: National Gallery, 1970. p. 39
    Cleveland Museum of Art, and Berthold Fricke. The Cleveland Museum of Art. Hannover: Knorr & Hirth, 1970. p. 52
    Stockstad, Marilyn, "Spanish Art from the Middle Ages to the Nineteenth Century," Apollo, LXXXXVI (1972). 500
    Greco, El, and José Gudiol. El Greco: Doménikos Theotokópoulos ; 1541-1614. Genf: Weber, 1973. pp. 162, 347, cat.no. 117, illus. p. 158 fig. 140
    The Cleveland Museum of Art. Handbook of the Cleveland Museum of Art/1978. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1978. Reproduced: p. 149 archive.org
    The Cleveland Museum of Art. The Cleveland Museum of Art Catalogue of Paintings, Part 3: European Paintings of the 16th, 17th, and 18th Centuries. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1982. Mentioned: p. 496-498; Reproduced: p. 497
    Greco, and Jonathan Brown. El Greco of Toledo. Boston: New York Graphic Society, 1982. pp. 249-250, repr. p. 250, repr. color plate 58
    Acheimastou-Potamianou, Myrtalē. Holy Image, Holy Space: Icons and Frescoes from Greece. Athens: Greek Ministry of Culture, 1988.
    Smeyers, Jos, and Maurits Smeyers. Misschien het tedere begrijpen: dichter bij kunst. Leuven: Davidsfonds/Literair, 1999. p. 62
    Musée du Louvre, Véronique Gerard Powell, and Claudie Ressort. Ecoles espagnole et portugaise. Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 2002. fig. 49, p. 124
    U.S. Catholic 79, no. 4 (April 2014). Reproduced: p. 25
    Kientz, Guillaume, and Greco. Greco. Paris : Réunion des musées nationaux : Musée du Louvre ; Chicago : Art Institute of Chicago, 2019. Reproduced: p.137, no. 34
  • In Memoriam: Leonard C. Hanna, Jr.. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (March 4-April 7, 1958).
    Religious Art. Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY (organizer) (December 15, 1964-January 10, 1965).
    Masterworks from The Phillips Collection. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (February 20-May 29, 2005).
    El Greco: Ambition and Defiance. Réunion des musées nationaux - Grand Palais, Paris cedex 12, France (organizer) (October 14, 2019-February 10, 2020); The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL (March 5-October 19, 2020) https://www.artic.edu/exhibitions/2939/el-greco-ambition-and-defiance.
    Exposición del Antiguo Madrid, Sociedad Espanola de Amigos del Arte, Madrid, Spain (1926). (lent by Salesas Neuvas, Madrid)
    Religious Art from Byzantium to Chagall, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York (December 15, 1964-January, 10 1965).
    El Greco of Toledo, Museo del Prado, Madrid, (Apr. 1 - June 6, 1982); National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (July 2 - Sept. 6, 1982); Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, Ohio, (Sept. 26 - Nov. 21, 1982); Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas, Tex., (Dec. 12, 1982 - Feb. 6, 1983).
    Holy Image, Holy Space: Icons and Frescoes from Greece, The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (September 9-October 22, 1989).
  • {{cite web|title=Christ on the Cross|url=false|author=El Greco|year=c. 1600–1610|access-date=20 February 2024|publisher=Cleveland Museum of Art}}

Source URL:

https://www.clevelandart.org/art/1952.222