Jun 23, 2005

Fourth-Phase Chief Blanket Style Rug

Fourth-Phase Chief Blanket Style Rug

c. 1900

Tapestry weave: wool (handspun, Germantown, and bayeta)

Overall: 178.4 x 151.1 cm (70 1/4 x 59 1/2 in.)

Gift of Amelia Elizabeth White 1937.903


This rug is modeled on a coveted Diné (Navajo) garment type—a waterproof blanket worn around the shoulders. By the late 1700s, other Natives traded avidly for such blankets, which are classified according to design phases and known as “chief’s blankets,” a misnomer since the Diné have no chiefs. In the late 1800s, old Indigenous trade outlets collapsed, especially after the disastrous imprisonment of the Diné at Bosque Redondo in the 1860s. Responding to the dramatically transformed landscape in the aftermath, Diné weavers began to shift from making garments for Indigenous use, including trade, to creating items for the outside collectors’ market, such as rugs like this one.

See also

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance, may not be currently accurate. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email collectionsdata@clevelandart.org.

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

All images and data available through Open Access can be downloaded for free. For images not available through Open Access, a detail image, or any image with a color bar, request a digital file from Image Services.