Panel from a Head Covering (‘ajar)

Panel from a Head Covering (‘ajar)

probably 1800s or early 1900s

Silk: plain cloth, brocaded

Overall: 117.2 x 53.4 cm (46 1/8 x 21 in.)

Purchase from the J. H. Wade Fund 1953.320

Location

Did you know?

The khamsah (خمسة), an open five-fingered hand, is a protective motif. It is woven in red in multiple ways on this panel.

Description

This panel was part of an urban Tunisian woman’s head-covering (‘ajar). Two such panels flanked a face-obscuring black panel. Such luxurious garments of seclusion were once reserved for elites. The decorative panels draped down when worn, showing off the finely woven motifs and demonstrating the wearer’s family wealth. Arranged in bands, motifs include stylized trees (or protective hands), flowers, eight-pointed stars, and geometric designs. The mirrored Kufic (squared Arabic script) lettering in teal is likely the name of the weaver or panel owner. Weavers with Muslim Andalusian (southern Spanish) heritage originally made these, drawing from Andalusian and Turkish motifs; later, workshops in Tunis produced them.

See also
Collection: 
T - Islamic
Department: 
Textiles
Type of artwork: 
Textile

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